Allgäu

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Description

Countryside of the northern Alps and the so-called "Alpenvorland" (lands on the German side of the Alps), between Lake Constance and the river Lech. From north to south divided into the Alpenvorland, the Allgäuer Voralpen (Allgäu "Pre-alps") and the Allgäuer Alpen (Allgäu Alps). The Allgäu parts of the Alpenvorland consist of the hilly country of the Adelegg with altitudes above 1100 metres and the young-moraine countryside at the rivers Iller, Lech and Wertach. The Allgäuer Voralpen are at the mountains Fellhorn (2037 metres), the Hohen Ifen (2230 metres), and the Gottesacker (2017 metres). The highest mountains of the "Allgäuer Alpen" are the Mädelegabel (2645 metres), the Hochvogel (2563 metres) and the Nebelhorn (2224 metres). The Allgäu receives 1000-2000 milimetres of rain per year; the tree line is at an altitude of 1600 metres while the snow line lies at 2500 metres (in the summer). The most important rivers are the Iller and the Lech.

History

In its earliest written history, the area saw systematic colonisation in the time of the Alemanic settlement of the 6th century. The countryside was decisively changed by a process of "Vereinödung", which arose with the convent of Kempten. "Vereinödung" means that many small fields were grouped together, and distributed out as fewer, but larger grounds to the former owners. This was the assumption for monocultural meadows-managment. From the 9th to the 13th century called the "Albgau", the Allgäu was originally the country between the Alps in the south and the upper Argen and Wertach Rivers in the north. The concept of the Allgäu was expanded to the north and the east up until the 16th century . In the age of Napoleon I the Allgäu was divided -- the eastern part going to Bavaria and the western part to Württemberg. Today, based on cattle-breeding, the dairy industry plays a large role. Kempten is the main source for butter and cheese of all of southern Germany. In decline is the clothing industry. Connected with the lumber economy is the paper industry. Other important industries are precision engineering and jewelry production.

Today

See Bavaria and Württemberg.


This article is based on the old regional page www.genealogienetz.de/reg/geo-reg.html#allgeu. Original content at the taking-over time into GenWiki you can see here. Comments and editorial remarks can be found on the discussion page of this article.
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