Baugstkorallen

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Regional Research > Lithuania > Baugstkorallen

Regional Research > Historic territory > Germany 1871-1918 > Kingdom Prussia > East Prussia > County Memel > Baugstkorallen

Manor Baugstkorallen in 2004


Contents


Introduction

Baugstkorallen, County Memel, East Prussia


Name

Other names and Spellings

Meaning of the Name

The place is near the river Baugstbach. The name (old-Prussian-Curonian) refers to this location. (Peteraitis says it could be Lithuanian "baugštus": frightened horses or shy away from work) [10].
The second part of the name refers to a ruler or to beekeeping.

  • old-Prussian "bauga" = marshy place near a river
  • "baugas" = illusion, also spirit of a dead person
  • nehrungs-Curonian "baug" = frightening, horrible
  • "baugsties" = to be afraid
  • old-Prussian-Lithuanian "karalius" = king
  • old-Prussian "karelis" = beekeeper

[11] [12] [13]

    • "Adlig Baugstkorallen, on Baugst-river. In early times Baugstkorallen and Corallischken seem to form one region called Corallen, Karalen from the Lithuanian word Karalus, king; a document from 1462 about Tauerlauken ("Geschichte Memels" pg. 43-history of Memel) refers to it. A frontier "gegen den Kenigs lande"-king`s country is mentioned. "König" =king, "Karalus" means an old-Lithuanian landowner of this name. Today the name Karalus, Korallus occurs in the County Memel." [14]


General Information


Political Structure

in 1785 "Adl."(=noble) estate and village, in 1916 district of the estate[16]
In 1874 district of the estate (Baugskorallen, Rittergut) [17], (Baugskorallen) in 1888[18] and in 1907[19].
In 1807 Birkenwalde (County Memel) is a " Vorwerk" (agricultural part of an estate) of Baugstkorallen.
In 1939 Baugskorallen is a village in the municipality Groß Jagschen.[20]


Church Structure

Evangelical Church

In 1785 Baugstkorallen belonged to the parish of Memel, in 1916 to the parish of Plicken.[21]
In 1912 Baugstkorallen belonged [22] to the parish of Plicken, before 1891 ([23]) to the Memel countryside parish.


Cemetery

You find the cemetery of Baugskorallen near the street to Plicken in the village. It is on both sides of the street and totally overgrown. Only one metal sign shows the former existence of the cemetery.

in May 2013 (Annelie Stöllger and Peter Wallat)

Roman-Catholic Church

In 1888 [24] and in 1907[25] Baugstkorallen belonged to the catholic parish of Memel.


Civil Registration

In 1888 [26] and in 1907[27] Baugstkorallen belonged to the civil registration of Groß Jagschen.


Inhabitants

in 1719

  • "Baugstkorallen, ein adeliges Güthchen und Krug ( a noble estate) im Bebrunischen Schultzen und Crotingschen Creys gelegen, besitzet (owner) anitzo der Herr Obrister Friedrich Heinrich Korff, auf Bledau Erbherr, von seiner Frau Schwester(from his sister), der verwittweten Obristin von der Brincken, geb. von Korffin für 5000 Thlr. Pfandtweise."(for a security of 5000Tlr)

Hofmann war Christoff Münsterberg. "Bei dem Gut werden 12 Gärtner, fortan allhin Kumetter genannt, gehalten, welche anstat ihres Deputats die 3 Berahmungshufen nutzen und dafür 2 Tage in der Woche scharwerken".(There were 12 small farmers called Kumetter who could work on 3 Hufe but had to work 2 days a week for the estate ) Source:[28]

in 1736

  • H. Obrister (Colonel) von Korff

In 1864 there were 125 inhabitants in the district of the estate Baugszkorallen .

in 1922

Rittergut Baugstkorallen, owner Glitscher and Willy Bauersdorf. 409 ha, dairy farming, cattle breeding, horse-and pig-breeding.[29]

in 1944

  • Dr. Ernst Neumann, owner of the estate (415 ha) , wife and 2 children
  • Kurt Heckendorff, inspector
  • Ernst Rosenberg, milker with family
  • Grete Krebs, owner of the pub


School

The school of Baugstkorallen is still existing. Today it is a residential building with an extension.

School Baugstkorallen in May 2012



History

Estate Baugstkorallen

Johann Edwin Frentzel [1]
Friedrich Emil Johann Frentzel [2]l
  • On 13/5/ 1622 the citizen and " Schöppenmeister" of Memel Georg Prendell got a small farm which he sold for 800 Fl.(Polish)
  • on 15/1/ 1638 to the colonel and governour of Memel, Adam Valentin von Redern . Its size was 2 "Hufe". On 27/7/1645 von Redern got 3 "Hufe" and 23 Morgen pasture called Baugste near to Szabern , with köllmisch rights for taxes.On 19/1/1646 the whole estate had köllmisch rights and the right to have a pub. Now it was called Baux Corall.
  • On 21/6/ 1692 the heirs of von Rederns sold the estate to Nicolaus von Korff, a Livonian "Starost" (head of the administration), lord of the estates in Kreuzburg, for 3000 Gulden (Polish).
  • On 18/3/ 1702 von Korff sold the estate to Colonel Oberst Ernst Johann von den Brincken and his wife Margarethe Anna born von Korff. Von den Brincken lent 5000 Gulden from Baron Friedrich Heinrich von Korff to pay his debts (Baron von Mengden) and the 27/3/1717 he gave him the estate as a security pledge instead of paying the taxes.
  • On 16/8/ 1742 his son Otto Ernst von den Brincken paid all the debts after his blind father had died.
  • During the Seven-Years`War the estate Baugstkorallen was totally plundered by a company of Russian infantry; the owner v.d. Brincken fled with his wife and daughter through bushes to the "Starostei" Garsden. The guards of the widow and owner of it Frau Großkanzler von Lithauen, Gräfin Sapieha saved a cart full of bedding and other things for him.She gave shelter to him and his family for 2 years. Also 72 farmers`families , among them the whole village of Liewern, fled to the Starostei and were living there till they could go back to their homes after the capture of Memel.
  • After the Seven-Years`War v.d. Brincken gave the estate to Capitain Ernst von Schlippenbach, who had married his daughter Anna Margaretha.
  • The successor of von Schlippenbach is Wilhelm Gerhard von Koschkull. Von Koschkull died on 24/1/1780.
  • After him in 1786 George Albrecht (later Collaten) was mentioned as owner .
  • On 29/7/ 1805 the merchant Christoph Woitkowitz in Memel sold 2 Hufe of noble quality and 3 of "köllmisch" quality in Baugstkorallen and Szemgrinden for 20 500 Taler to the Consistorialrath und Probst(official and dean) Johann Magnus Launitz zu Grobin from Kurland, who gave it
  • on 24/3/ 1808 for 30 000 Taler to his daughter Anna Elisabeth Wilhelmine, married with the landowner Friedrich Trentovius .
  • In 1825 the estate was offered for 16 926 Taler and in the compulsary auction
  • on 6/1/ 1827 given to the " Landschaft"(agricultural society) for 11 300 Taler .They sold it
  • on 24/12/ 1829 to Frau Johanna Dorothea Rosenbaum born Anderson for 6 005 Taler .
  • Frau Rosenbaum sold Baugstkorallen in May 1835 for 12 000 Taler to the merchant Simon Gottlieb Schlegelberger.
  • On 14/5/1852 his widow sold it for 34 000 Taler to Lieutnant Johann Edwin Frentzel .
  • After his death in 1878 his son Hans (Friedrich Emil Johann) was in possession of the estate. He died on 17/2/1912 ,
  • the next owner was Herr Preß .

[30]

Front of the manor Baugstkorallen in 2004
Back of the manor in 2004
Baugstkorallen-Stable in 2004

Laut Landwirtschaftlichem Güter-Adressbuch für die Provinz Ostpreußen mit Anhang Memelland, 4. Auflage, Leipzig 1922-an addressbook of estates in East Prussia from1922:

  • Paul Frenzel, 307 ha
  • In 1941 owner Dr. Ernst Neumann


Hachshara-Education

In the 1930s there was a Hachschara-"School" for young Jewish people in the manor of Baugstkorallen . There they were prepared for living and working in a Kibbuz. They learned manual, agricultural, housekeeping and gardening activities. They learned Hebrew, English ,Jewish history and tradition and biblical texts. The leader of the education was Gad (Gerhard) Levy, Schimon Oppenheimer was responsible for spiritual and social matters.

Hachschara Manor Baugstkorallen, Photo from 1934
Hachschara Manor Baugstkorallen, Photo from 1934


Miscellaneous

Maps

Baugsten on Schroetterkarte (1796-1802) 1:50 000
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz
See below Baugsten on Schroetter Karte 1802, scale 1: 160 000


Baugskorallen on Preußischen Urmesstischblatt 1860
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz


Baugskorallen on Messtischblatt 0293 Plicken (1910-1940) with the municipal boundaries of 1938
© Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie


Chance Discoveries

Often people, who were not born locally in the area, are found mentioned in church books or other archive source material of a place. These findings are chance discoveries. Such findings are sometimes the only opportunity to break through the Brick Wall in research. On the following page you can add chance discoveries related to this place or even find one for yourself.

Private Sources of Information and Offers of Help with Research

On the following page, private (noncommercial !) genealogists conducting research on this place, and/or those willing to share genealogical information, perform searches or provide scans/copies etc. regarding this place, can add their contact details. All inquiries should be made directly to the listed researcher!

Familie MESTARS aus Baugstkorallen ca. ab 1816: Erika Carstens, Kontakt: e.carstens@yahoo.de

Data from the Geneological Place Database

GOV-Id BAULENKO05PS
name
  • Baugskorallen Source Wohnplatz 21.211 (deu)
  • Baugštininkai (1923) Source page 1085 (lit)
type
  • manor (- 1944)
  • settlement (1944 -)
w-Number
  • 66132
map
   

TK25: 293

Affiliations
Superordinate objects

Baugskorallen (- 1939-04-30) ( Gutsbezirk ) Source Source

Memel (Hlste. Dreifaltigkeit), Klaipėda, Memel (1907) ( parish ) Source S.160/161

Plicken (1907) ( parish ) Source S.160/161

Groß Jagschen, Sėlinai (1939-05-01 -) ( rural municipality municipality ) Source


Sources

  1. Dietrich Lange: Geographisches Ortsregister Ostpreußen einschließlich des Memelgebietes, des Soldauer Gebietes und des Reg.-Bez. Westpreußen (1919-1939)- a geographical register of places in East-and Westprussia
  2. Johannes Sembritzki, Geschichte des Kreises Memel, Memel, 1918-a history of the County Memel
  3. Schroetterkarte (1796-1802), scale 1:50000
  4. Schroetterkarte (1802), scale 1:160000
  5. Urmesstischblatt von 1860
  6. Schroetterkarte (1796-1802), scale 1:50000
  7. Schroetterkarte (1802), scale 1:160000
  8. GOV: http://gov.genealogy.net/
  9. Staßewski, Kurt von, Stein, Robert Hrsg.: Was waren unsere Vorfahren?, Amts-, Berufs- und Standesbezeichnungen aus Altpreußen, Königsberg 1938, Verein für Familienforschung in Ost- und Westpreußen Hamburg 1991- expressions and terms for jobs and officials in the past
  10. Peteraitis, Vilius: Mažosios Lietuvos ir Tvankstos Vietovardžiai, Ju kilme ir reikšme, Vilnius 1997
  11. Kwauka, Paul, Pietsch, Richard: Kurisches Wörterbuch, Verlag Ulrich Camen Berlin, 1977, S. 25-a Curonian dictionary
  12. Prußischer Wortschatz, Privatsammlung Szillis-Kappelhoff old-Prussion vocabulary, private collection of B.Szillis-Kappelhoff
  13. Kurschat, Alexander: Litauisch-Deutsches Wörterbuch, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1968 -Lithuanian-German dictionary
  14. Johannes Sembritzki: "Geschichte des Kreises Memel", 1918- history of the County Memel
  15. Dietrich Lange: Geographisches Ortsregister Ostpreußen einschließlich des Memelgebietes, des Soldauer Gebietes und des Reg.-Bez. Westpreußen (1919-1939)- a geographical register of places of North-and West Prussia
  16. Johannes Sembritzki, Geschichte des Kreises Memel, Memel, 1918 - history of the County Memel
  17. Die Gemeinden und Gutsbezirke der Provinz Preussen und ihre Bevölkerung. Nach den Urmaterialien der allgemeinen Volkszählung vom 1. December 1871 bearbeitet und zusammengestellt vom Königlichen Statistischen Bureau. Berlin 1874.- municipalities and estates according to the census of 1871
  18. Gemeindelexikon für die Provinz Ostpreußen. Auf Grund der Materialien der Volkszählung vom 1. Dezember 1885 und anderer amtlicher Quellen bearbeitet vom Königlichen statistischen Bureau. Berlin SW. 1888- according to the census of 1885.
  19. Gemeindelexikon für die Provinz Ostpreußen. Auf Grund der Materialien der Volkszählung vom 1. Dezember 1905 und anderer amtlicher Quellen bearbeitet vom Königlich Preußischen Statistischen Landesamte. Berlin SW. 1907.- according to the census of 1905
  20. Amtsblatt Gumbinnen 1939: Neugliederung der Gemeinden und Gutsbezirke im ehemaligen Memelland ab 1. Mai 1939, S. 64ff,
    http://www.memelland-adm.de/Archiv/13 Verwaltungsbezirke/index.htm
  21. Johannes Sembritzki, Geschichte des Kreises Memel, Memel, 1918 -history of the County Memel
  22. Die evangelischen Kirchengemeinden in Ostpreußen und Westpreußen in Pfarr-Almanachen von 1912 und 1913, Sonderschriften des Vereins für Familienforschung in Ost- und Westpreußen e.V. Nr. 59.
  23. Gemeindelexikon für die Provinz Ostpreußen. Auf Grund der Materialien der Volkszählung vom 1. Dezember 1885 und anderer amtlicher Quellen bearbeitet vom Königlichen statistischen Bureau. Berlin SW. 1888.- lexicon of the municipalities of East Prussia
  24. Gemeindelexikon für die Provinz Ostpreußen. Auf Grund der Materialien der Volkszählung vom 1. Dezember 1885 und anderer amtlicher Quellen bearbeitet vom Königlichen statistischen Bureau. Berlin SW. 1888.-census from 1885
  25. Gemeindelexikon für die Provinz Ostpreußen. Auf Grund der Materialien der Volkszählung vom 1. Dezember 1905 und anderer amtlicher Quellen bearbeitet vom Königlich Preußischen Statistischen Landesamte. Berlin SW. 1907.-census from 1905
  26. Gemeindelexikon für die Provinz Ostpreußen. Auf Grund der Materialien der Volkszählung vom 1. Dezember 1885 und anderer amtlicher Quellen bearbeitet vom Königlichen statistischen Bureau. Berlin SW. 1888.- Census from 1885
  27. Gemeindelexikon für die Provinz Ostpreußen. Auf Grund der Materialien der Volkszählung vom 1. Dezember 1905 und anderer amtlicher Quellen bearbeitet vom Königlich Preußischen Statistischen Landesamte. Berlin SW. 1907.-census from 1905
  28. Generalhufenschoß 1719-1766, Schulzenamt Memel, Special Protocoll 1719, Buch Nr. 2, Staatliches Archivlager, Göttingen, 1962- a taxlist
  29. Landwirtschaftliches Güter-Adressbuch für die Provinz Ostpreussen, Band III, 1922
  30. Johannes Sembritzki, Geschichte des Kreises Memel, 1918 - history of the County Memel
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