Wieszen

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Hierarchy Regional > Lithuania > Wieszen

Regional > Historical territory > Germany 1871-1918 > Kingdom Prussia > East Prussia > County Heydekrug > Wieszen


Contents


Introduction

Wieszen, County Heydekrug, East Prussia.

Name

Other Names and Spellings

Meaning of the Name

The name refers to trees which can live in damp conditions. The typical Baltic shoes, Pareisgen or Vyža, were ideal for the damp and muddy conditions, because they didn`t sink into the marshy ground like the shoes of the Knights. The alternative name Butkus-Powiln means Paul built his house here.

  • Prussian "wisene" = marsh rosemary, "Porst"
  • Curonian from the "Nehrung" "viešs" = crab
  • Prussian-Lithuanian "vyža" = shoes made of raffia = Pareisgen
  • Lithuanian "vyžius" = those who made and wore the shoes
  • Prussian "buttan, butan, buttas, buttika, buttina" = house

General Information

  • Royal village[4]
  • Lt. Ortsregister Lange[5]
  • Several big farms, a church
  • 10 km south-east of Heydekrug

Political Structure

In 1736 Butkus Powillen belonged to Schultz Wallus Creyß in Hauptamt Memel, Amt Heydekrug[6]

On 1.5.1939: name of the new municipality: Wiesenheide. The new municipality was formed from the existing places: Swarren and Wieszen. [7]

Church Structure

Evangelical Church

Church
Home for former alcoholics in the supposed old vicarage near the church (2012)

From 1857 Wieszen is a parish; before then the places belonged to the parish of Werden, or to the parish of Plaschken.

Adjacent places

In 1912 the following places belonged to the parish of Wieszen :
Blausden, Bögschen, Heydeberg, Jagstellen, Jakob Titzkus, Jugnaten, Juschka Budwethen, Juschka Spötzen, Kanterischken, Klugohnen, Kugeleit, Kuhlins, Mankuslauken, Maszellen, Minneiken Anteil, Neusaß Scheer, Neusaß Sköries, Okslinden, Ridszen, Swarren, Tarwieden, Uszlöknen, Wieszen, Woitkaten. In 1905 supposedly Neusaß Gritzas.

Churchbooks

The church records of Wieszen are missing.
See also: Ostpreußen/Genealogische Quellen/Kirchbuchbestände Kreis Heydekrug (Genealogical sources/stock of church books in the county of Heydekrug)
Additional source is the digitalized lists of people confirmed: www.epaveldas.lt

Pastors in Wieszen

  • Bergatt, Pastor -1931, then went to Kaukehmen
  • Atrott Wilhelm, Vicar 1932 - 1934 (then pastor in Deutsch Crottingen, later pastor at Jakobuskirche Memel)

Inside the Church

Photos from the inside of the church in Wieszen in 2012



Civil Registration

Adjacent places

In 1907 the following places belonged to the civil registration of Wieszen : Blausden, Jugnaten, Mankuslauken, Maszellen, Minneiken, Neusaß Scheer, Neusaß Sköries, Okslinden, Ridszen.

Register

The civil records of Wieszen are missing.


Inhabitants

  • Inhabitants of Wieszen
  • In 1791/92: Amts Heydekrug, Consignation von denen Decimenten, Pro anno 1791/92, page 50 Butkus Powiln, a taxlist[1]

Cemetery

The cemetery is behind the church.

Annelie Stöllger kindly donated the photos in August 2011.

Bibliography

Memeler Dampfboot

  • 1933 Nr.7 (Memelgau): 6. Januar [Jugendlicher Ausbrecher]- about a young escaped prisoner
  • 1933 Nr.28 (Memelgau): 31. Januar [Der Bund der Kriegsbeschädigten]- war-disabled soldiers
  • 1933 Nr.33 (Memelgau): 6. Februar [Der Gemischte Chor]- a choir
  • 1933 Nr.36 (Memelgau): 9. Februar: Festnahme von vier Schmugglern- four smugglers
  • 1933 Nr.38 (Memelgau): Filmvorführung- film show
  • 1933 Nr.50 (Memelgau): 27. Februar [Generalversammlung des Gemischten Chors]- the choir
  • 1933 Nr.57 (Memelgau): 6. März [Der Frauenverein vom Roten Kreuz]- Red Cross
  • 1933 Nr.63 (Memelgau): Streit in der Gastwirtschaft - quarrel in a pub
  • 1933 Nr.74 (Memelgau): 27. März [Eigentümer eins Kahnes gesucht]- search for the owner of a boat
  • 1933 Nr.76 (Memelgau): 28. März [Goldene Hochzeit] bei Neumann - golden wedding Neumann
  • 1933 Nr.77 (Memelgau): 30. März [Goldene Hochzeit] bei Neumann und Link - golden wedding Neumann and Link
  • 1933 Nr.84 (Memelgau): 7. April [Der Landwirtschaftliche Verein]- agricultural organization
  • 1933 Nr.90 (Memelgau): 15. April [Verschiedenes]- miscellaneous
  • 1933 Nr.97 (Memelgau): 25. April [Die Generalversammlung des Wießener Kreditvereins]- Wießen`s credit organization
  • 1933 Nr.105 (Memelgau): 3. Mai [Einsegnung] -confirmation
  • 1933 Nr.111 (Memelgau): 09.Mai [Gründung eines Jungbauernbundes]- foundation of a farmer`s association

Miscellaneous

Maps

Wieszen on Schroetterkarte (1796-1802), scale 1:50 000
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Right on top on Schroetter Karte 1802, scale 1: 160 000


Wieszen on Preußischen Urmesstischblatt 1860
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Wieszen and surroundings on Preußischen Urmesstischblatt 1860
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Wieszen on Messtischblatt 0795 Uszlöknen (1910-1940) with the municipal boundaries of 1938
© Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie


Sketches of the place

Town sketch from the former inhabitants list of Wiesenheide prepared in the 1950s (c)Bundesarchiv
Town sketch from the former inhabitants list of Wiesenheide prepared in the 1950s (c) Bundesarchiv
Town sketch from the former inhabitants of Wiesenheide prepared in the 1950s (c) Bundesarchiv



Chance Discoveries

Often people, who were not born locally in the area, are found mentioned in church books or other archive source material of a place. These findings are chance discoveries. Such findings are sometimes the only opportunity to break through the Brick Wall in research. On the following page you can add chance discoveries related to this place or even find one for yourself.


Private Sources of Information and Offers of Help with Research

On the following page, private (noncommercial !) genealogists conducting research on this place, and/or those willing to share genealogical information, perform searches or provide scans/copies etc. regarding this place, can add their contact details. All inquiries should be made directly to the listed researcher!



Data from the Genealogical Place Database (GOV)

GOV-Id WIEZENKO05SG
name
type
  • rural municipality (- 1939-04-30) Source 1939 - Nr. 180 - S. 65 u. 116
  • settlement (1939-05-01 -)
population
w-Number
  • 66131
external id
  • nima:-2620814
  • geonames:592968
Number of households
map
   

TK25: 795

Affiliations
Superordinate objects

Heydekrug (- 1920-01-09) ( county rural county ) Source

Heydekrug, Šilutės apskritis (1920-10-10 - 1939-04-30) ( county rural county ) Source

Szibben (Hl. Kreuz), Žibai, Heydekrug, Šilutė, Heydekrug (Hl. Kreuz) (1907) ( parish ) Source S. 94/95

Wiesenheide (1939-05-01 - 1945) ( municipality ) Source 1939 - Nr. 180 - S. 65 u. 116

Wieszen (1907) ( parish ) Source S. 94/95

Heydekrug (lit. Kreis [1945 - 1950]), Rajongemeinde Šilutė [1950-], Šilutės rajonas, Šilutės rajono savivaldybė (1945 -) ( rural county municipality ) Source

Subordinate objects
name type GOV-Id Timespan
Wieszen church object_169330


Sources

  1. Werden Taufenbuch 1710-1728, a baptismal register
  2. Generalhufenschoß 1719-1766, Schulzenamt Memel, Hubenzahl 1719, Buch Nr. 4, Staatliches Archivlager, Göttingen, 1962, a tax list
  3. Dietrich Lange: Geographisches Ortsregister Ostpreußen einschließlich des Memelgebietes, des Soldauer Gebietes und des Reg.-Bez. Westpreußen (1919-1939), a geographical register for places in East Prussia
  4. Sembritzki, Johannes u. Bittens, Arthur: Geschichte des Kreises Heydekrug, Memel 1920,a history of the county Heydekrug
  5. Dietrich Lange: Geographisches Ortsregister Ostpreußen einschließlich des Memelgebietes, des Soldauer Gebietes und des Reg.-Bez. Westpreußen (1919-1939), a geographical register of places
  6. Amtsbauern u Köllmer in nördlichen Ostpreußen um 1736, Horst Kenkel, VFFOW, Hamburg 1995,farmers in Northern East Prussia around 1736
  7. Amtsblatt Gumbinnen 1939: Neugliederung der Gemeinden und Gutsbezirke im ehemaligen Memelland ab 1. Mai 1939, S. 64ff,
    http://www.memelland-adm.de/Archiv/13 Verwaltungsbezirke/index.htm
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