Collaten

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Hierarchy

Kollaten Lake
Kollaten Lake today Foto 2009
Kollaten on the map of County Memel


Regional Research > Historic territory > Germany 1871-1918 > Kingdom Prussia > East Prussia > County Memel > Collaten


Contents



Introduction

Collaten, in 1253 Calaten, in 1540 Callatenn, in 1785 Collathen, Kollaten, County Memel, East Prussia.



Name

The name refers to a place of residence, cleared in a forest and maybe to a blacksmith. Peteraitis means Baltic "kal-as" in the sense of "šviesus, baltas": bright, light, white.

  • prußisch "kalti" = to fell
  • "kolas" = post, stake
  • "kalt" = to forge
  • Prussian- Lithuanian "kalatoti" = to fell, to hammer, become tired and weak


Political Structure

In 1940 Kollaten is a municipality with the villages Gedwill Paul, Kollaten, Rund Görge and Wessat Herrmann.

Church Structure

Cemetery Kollaten

Evangelical Church

In 1888 and 1912 Collaten belonged to the parish of Memel country.

Catholic Church

In 1888 and 1907 Collaten belonged to the catholic parish of Memel.

Civil Registration

Affiliated Places

In 1888 Collaten belonged to the civil registration district of Plucken Martin. After 1897 Plucken Martin was moved to Collaten .

In 1907 the following places belonged to the civil registration district of Collaten :

Alszeiken Jahn, Brusdeilienen, Charlottenhof, Collaten, Darguszen, Gedwill Paul, Grabben, Groß Tauerlauken, Gündullen, Hohenflur, Jagutten, Jankeiten, Karkelbeck, Klauswaiten, Peskojen, Purmallen, Rund Görge, Szodeiken Jonell, Wessat Hermann.

Registers

The church books of the Jakobus- or Landkirche are missing so the copies of the civil registers of Collaten are of great help. You can find them in Berlin Standesamt I in Berlin . The "Mormons" have films, too. You can find them in the lists below Kollaten.

  • Births 1898-1912, 1914-1938.
  • Marriages 1898-1913, 1915-1938.
  • Deaths 1898-1938.

You can find further registers before 1898 under Plucken Martin.

History

Following the fundamental change of the town charter in 1475 almost every year there were new awards according to "Kulmischem rights" all around Memel. For example, we know about the following awards:

  • In 1483 Martin Strebull was awarded land in the village of Kollaten "scharwerkfrei" (without duty e.g. to work on the fields) on condition that he gets the order post to Labiau and to keep a horse for the benefit of the order
  • In 1483 Hermann Schlaneth and Martin Strebull acquire additional land near Kollaten [1]



Köllmisch Collaten

  • The Lohnbücher von 1856 – 1862 (books of wages) by Reinhold Froelich give an insight to the pay and conditions under which people lived in Collaten. For example:

Jacob Wallinskis has served for 11 years. His duty is to work as an "Anteninker" (Lith. for a farm-labourer) and to work 40 Scharwerkstage (work 40 days a year for the owner). If he works more he will get 2 ½ sbgr. His wife must milk the cows daily. He is allowed to keep 1 cow and 2 sheep and gets 74 rods of potato land. If he doesn`t work as an "Anteninker" in July, August, September and October he will get less: 2 bushels rye, 1 bushel barley, 1 bushel oats and 1 Thl. money.

According to the end of year accounts 11/11/ 1857 (Martini) Wallinskis received: 17 Thaler, 12 Silbergroschen and 10 Pfennige money. 16 bushels rye, 8 bushels barley, 1 bushel oats, 1 bushel peas and for 274 working days on which he had worked overtime, 27 Thaler 2 Silbergroschen and 8 Pfennige. And as a present: ½ bushel peas and 3 Thaler 4 Silbergroschen 5 Pfennige cash.[2]

According to the" Landwirtschaftlichem Güter-Adressbuch für die Provinz Ostpreußen mit Anhang Memelland", 4. Auflage, Leipzig 1922 - an agricultural address book for estates in East Prussia

  • Luise Thieß, 51 ha
  • In 1940 Karl Strauß (see also Paugen) bought for his son the estate of Kollaten (800 Morgen) [3]

Inhabitants

In 1540

  • Bodemyn oder Godemyn
  • Bundell
  • Jaksch
  • Kunike
  • Lack
  • Lußik
  • Rundt
  • Sagusch
  • Spalwe
  • Sperer
  • Sprude
  • Weßnodt

Cemetery

The cemetery is near the railway line in a deep forest and difficult to find. From the last house you walk on a totally untidy path in the direction of the railway, turn right and follow the fire break. Most of the graves have been dug up. The edgings lie next to them.

  • Annelie Stöllger kindly donated the photos in June 2011


*In 1848  Reinhold Froelich, the owner of the estate Collaten, wrote the following text in his diary:

The graves on our churchyard

My father-in-law George Albrecht, who was the owner of Collaten before me and died in the year 1818 ( 5/12), is the first in our row.

My mother-in-law Regina born Wiedemann, who died in September 1824 .

My aunt Juliane Holdschue born Schmidt, my mother`s sister from the first marriage of my grandmother was born in Memel on 10th April 1764 and died in Collaten on the 18th February 1831.

My little daughter Johanna born the 30th of June 1833 , died the 28th of October 1834.

My mother Johanne Froelich born Veithofer, my mother`s daughter from her 2nd marriage, born 30/5/1778, died 1/5/1846.

My brother Christoph Froelich, who died in Memel the same year as his wife. But she was buried in Memel and he was buried here in Collaten next to his mother as he had wished. He was born 30/7/1793, died 29/11/1846.

My daughter Lina, she was born 27/4/1826, died in Tilsit 17/11/1846.

My dear wife Caroline Froelich born Albrecht. She was born 2/6/1793, died 24/7/1848. We married 12/2/1822. Her grave was made in such a way that my coffin can lie next to hers. God teaches me to remember that I have seen my open grave.[4]




Miscellaneous

Maps

Collaten on Schroetterkarte (1796-1802) 1:50 000
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz
See below left Collaten on Schroetter Karte 1802, scale 1: 160000
Schroetter Karte 1802, scale 1: 160 000


Collaten on Preußischen Urmesstischblatt 1834
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Collaten on Preußischen Urmesstischblatt 1860
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz


Kollaten on Messtischblatt 0292 Memel (1910-1940) and 0192 Nimmersatt (1912) with the municipal boundaries of 1938
© Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie
Sketch from the list of inhabitants of Collaten from the 1950s, (c) Bundesarchiv


Internet links

Partly edition of Collaten: Local heritage book

Chance Discoveries

Often people, who were not born locally in the area, are found mentioned in church books or other archive source material of a place. These findings are chance discoveries. Such findings are sometimes the only opportunity to break through the Brick Wall in research. On the following page you can add chance discoveries related to this place or even find one for yourself.


Private Sources of Information and Offers of Help with Research

On the following page, private (non commercial !) genealogists conducting research on this place, and/or those willing to share genealogical information, perform searches or provide scans/copies etc. regarding this place, can add their contact details. All inquiries should be made directly to the listed researcher!

Data from the Geneological Place Database (GOV)

GOV-Id KOLTENKO05NS
name
type
  • settlement
w-Number
  • 66132
external id
  • nima:-2615222
  • geonames:598519
map
   

TK25: 292

Affiliations
Superordinate objects

Kollaten, Kalotė ( Gutsbezirk rural municipality municipality ) Source

Memel, Memel Land (1907) ( parish ) Source S.156/157

Memel (Hlste. Dreifaltigkeit), Klaipėda, Memel (1907) ( parish ) Source S.156/157


Sources

  1. Gerhard Willoweit, Die Wirtschaftsgeschichte des Memelgebiets, Marburg (Lahn) 1969,an economic history of the Memel region
  2. Froelich, Reinhold: Familie Froelich (Ostpreußen), Stammeskunde, Schicksale und Erinnerungen, 1909, Memories of the family Froelich
  3. PAZ vom 14.12.1957
  4. Froelich, Reinhold: Familie Froelich, Stammeskunde, Schicksale und Erinnerungen, 1909
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