Deutsch Crottingen

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Regional Research > Lithuania > Deutsch Crottingen

Regional Research > Historic territory > Germany 1871-1918 > Kingdom Prussia > East Prussia > County Memel > Deutsch Crottingen


Contents


Deutsch Crottingen on the map of the county Memel
Centre of Deutsch Crottingen
A house in the village street of Deutsch Crottingen
A wooden house in the village street of Deutsch Crottingen


Introduction

Deutsch Crottingen, County Memel, East Prussia

  • In 1785 Deutsch Crottingen is a parish [1]
  • In 1907 Deutsch Crottingen is an independent country community[2]
  • In 1916 Deutsch Crottingen is a country community [3]


Name

Other Names and Spellings

Meaning of the Name

It is a Curonian part of the landscape Megowe. At the beginning of the 15th century the eastern part of the area was conquered by Zemaiten, and a distinction was made between Litauisch Krottingen, Grottingen Krettingen and Kretingale .

  • Curonian "kritus" = marshy
  • Nehrungs-Curonian "kretene" = marshy

compare

  • Old-Prussian "kretinys" = dungfield [5] [6]

General Information

Archaeological finds from the early bronze age were found in Deutsch-Krottingen. The town charter goes back to 1609.

The estate Deutsch Crottingen, sometimes only called Crottingen (also Krottingen), has the addition "Deutsch" because of the difference to "Litauisch Crottingen", 8 km north on the other side of the former border of the Memelland. In 1902 an agricultural organization was established for the professional breeding of horses. In 1905 Deutsch Crottingen had 118 inhabitants, among them 109 Evangelicals and 9 Catholics, 48 German- and 70 Lithuanian-speaking people.

Political Structure

On 5/10/1907 Deutsch Crottingen became an independent country community.

In 1940 the manors Adlig Crottingen (1905: 179 inhabitants), Gauszen (1905: 71 inhabitants) and the village Standschen (1905: 64 inhabitants) belonged to the place.

Adjacent Places

To the parish Deutsch Crottingen adjajent places [7]
In the East: Jahn Wittin
In the South: Szarten
In the West: Jan Patra
In the North: Jetkant Raischen

Church Structure

Evangelical Church

The Ev. church in Deutsch Crottingen

Building of the church

In 1652 a wooden chapel was built in Deutsch Krottingen, and in 1699 the tower and the bells were added. In 1741 a new stone church was built with a wooden tower. After a storm in 1801 the tower was leaning and so was taken down and instead a dome covered the lower part. In 1875 the church acquired a massive eight-sided tower as well as an organ. The pulpit and the altar (as one unit) were built in 1793.

Parish of Deutsch Crottingen

After 1654 Deutsch Krottingen was an independent parish with 72 towns and villages, which helped the pastors of Memel considerably. In 1773, in the parish of Deutsch Crottingen were the schools of Gibbischen Peter, Karkelbeck, Kunken Görge. In 1912 Deutsch Crottingen had 3315 souls = inhabitants, among them 3000 Lithuanian-speaking people. Gradually some places of the parish of Deutsch Crottingen became part of the new parishes of Karkelbeck and Plicken.

Adjacent Places

In 1912 the following places belonged to the parish of Deutsch Crottingen :

Alszeiken Jahn Adlig Gauszen Lankutten Schudebarsden (County Memel)
Anduln Gibbischen Peter Patrajahnen Standschen
Bajohren Girngallen Matz Paul Narmund Szimken
Brusdeilienen Jagutten Paupeln Peter Tarwieden
Clauspuszen Jankeiten Pelleiken Claus Thalen
Clausweiten Ilgauden Mauserim Peskojen Wallehnen
Dautzin Niklau Kiaken Pippirn Wittinnen
Deutsch Crottingen
village and church
Groß Kurschen
and Klein Kurschen
Raischen Jettkandt Adlig Zarten
Eglischken Lindenhof Ramutten Jahn Zarten
The Ev. church of Deutsch Crottingen, View from the East
  • Before 1904 the following places of the parish of Karkelbeck belonged to the parish of Deutsch Crottingen
Grabben, Graudusz Bartel, Karkelbeck partly, Kunken Görge, Nimmersatt, Scheipen Thoms, Szodeiken Jonell, Uszaneiten.
  • Before 1891 the following places of the parish of Plicken belonged to the parish of Deutsch Crottingen
Baumgart Kummetter or Hans Baumgart, Girngallen Gedmin, Johannishof, Lappinischken, Meddicken, Pakamohren.

Church Books

The church books of Deutsch Crottingen exist only as films from the "Reichsippenamtes", today in Leipzig. (Sächsisches Staatsarchiv Leipzig). The originals are missing. The "Mormonen" also have the films. Baptisms: 1798-1825, 1853-1873
see: Ostpreußen/Genealogische Quellen/Kirchbuchbestände Kreis Memel- Church books of the County Memel

List of Pastors

1. Lehmann, Johann 1654-1664
2. Ludovici, Johann 1664-1671
3. Martini, Martin 1671-1679
4. Griesinger, Johann Heinrich 1679-1685
5. Dach, Valentin 1685-1692
6. Gurski, Michael 1692-1700
7. Behrend, Friedrich 1700-1705
8. Haack, Erdmann 1705-1731
9. Engel, Gabriel 1731-1761
Adjunkt: Preuß, Jacob 1749-1761
10. Preuß, Jacob 1761-1778
11. Hausendorf, Jacob 1779-1788
12.Ziegler, Johann Gottfried 1788-1846
Adjunkt: Zippel, Andreas Rudolf 1841-1846
Adjunkt: Thiel, Friedrich Wilhelm 1845-1846
13. Thiel, Friedrich Wilhelm 1846-1859
14. Ebel, Cölestin Gotthold 1860-1868
15.Hillenberg, Carl Albrecht 1869-1881
16. Jussas, August 1882-1890
Verwalter: Hartung, August Wilhelm Hch. 1890-1891
Verwalter: Salewski, Karl Ed. Albert 1891-1899
17. Salewski, Karl Ed. Albert 1899-
18. Atrott, Wilhelm 1934-1938
Hilfsprediger: Janz, Bruno -1941
19. Janz, Bruno 1941-1945
Priest Wilhelm Atrott

The following persons
are mentioned in the churchbooks after 1944 :

Armonaitis, Jonas, Pastor, 1957-1974
Varanavičius, Saulius in 2009

Catholic Church

The Catholics in the parish of Deutsch Crottingen attended the Catholic church in Memel, and some, the Catholic parishes on the other side of the border of the Memelland.

At the edge of Deutsch Crottingen

Civil Registration

Adjacent Places

In 1907 the following places belonged to the civil registration district of Deutsch Crottingen :

Anduln, Bajohren, Deutsch Crottingen, Gibbischen Peter, Girngallen Matz, Graudusz Bartel, Ilgauden Mauserim, Kiaken, Klausweiten, Lankutten, Patrajahnen, Raischen Jettkandt, Ramutten Jahn, Scheipen Thoms, Standschen, Uszaneiten, Zarten.


Registers

Because of the incomplete church books of Deutsch Crottingen the copies of the civil registers of Krottingen, today in Standesamt I in Berlin, are invaluable. The "Mormonen" (Mormons) have the films, too.

  • Births 1874-1883, 1886, 1888-1938
  • Marriages 1874-1884, 1886-1938
  • Deaths 1874-1883, 1886-1938

Inhabitants

In a list
from 1540

the following names were found:
  • Bartkus
  • Bayer
  • Dalatt
  • Damßalt
  • Dryskau
  • Gaylus
  • Gytkant
  • Huße
  • Ilagell or Itagell
  • Kaull
  • Speyr
  • Sprengen
  • Stankus
  • Sudebar
  • Szeyp
  • Wyltolt
Curonian castles in Memelland
according to Mortensen [8]
Deutsch Crottingen
Deutsch Crottingen auf Memellandkarte

Cemetery

Nothing is left of the cemetery. There is an entrance with some stairs. The cemetery was on a small hill, today overgrown. From the cemetery near the church nothing is left except for some pedestals.

Entrance to the cemetery (Photo: Annelie Stöllger)



History

Crottingen on the Carte des terres devant le Curis H [affe] [de] cote du Memmel, ca. 1670, 1:55 000, Sign. N 11999/50
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz

Crottingen. There was no village or rural community `"Crottingen" in the 17th and 18th century. The expression "Dorf" = village in the documents just means area. There were two manors in that area: Adlig Deutsch Crottingen and Kölmisch Deutsch Crottingen.[9]

  • In 1719: Das Kirchdorff Deutsch Crottingen im Mümmelschen Ambt- the parish Deutsch Crottingen under Memel`s authority: Herr Friedrich Land owns 4 Hu. 18 Mo. "köllmisch". Quelle:[10]


Miscellaneous


Maps

Schroetter Map from 1802, (scale 1 : 160 000)
Deutsch Krottingen on Schroetterkarte (1796-1802) 1:50 000
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Deutsch Crottingen on Preußischen Urmesstischblatt 1860
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz


Dtsch.Crottingen on Messtischblatt 0193 Dtsch.Crottingen (1912) with the municipal boundaries of 1938
© Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie
Messtischblatt (ordnance survey map) Deutsch Crottingen [11]


Sketch 1 from the list of inhabitants of Deutsch Crottingen from the 1950s, (c) Bundesarchiv
Sketch 2 from the list of inhabitants of Deutsch Crottingen from the 1950s, (c) Bundesarchiv


Chance Discoveries

Often people, who were not born locally in the area, are found mentioned in church books or other archive source material of a place. These findings are chance discoveries. Such findings are sometimes the only opportunity to break through the Brick Wall in research. On the following page you can add chance discoveries related to this place or even find one for yourself.


Private Sources of Information and Offers of Help with Research

On the following page, private (non commercial !) genealogists conducting research on this place, and/or those willing to share genealogical information, perform searches or provide scans/copies etc. regarding this place, can add their contact details. All inquiries should be made directly to the listed researcher!


Data from the Genealogical Place Database (GOV)

GOV-Id CROGE2KO05OT
name
  • Deutsch Krottingen (1907) Source Wohnplatz 21.214 (deu)
  • Kretingalė, kaimas (1923) Source page 1085 (lit)
  • Crottingen (1926) Source S. 10-11 (deu)
  • Deutsch Crottingen (1939) Source (deu)
type
  • settlement
w-Number
  • 66132
external id
  • nima:-2615758
map
   

TK25: 193

Affiliations
Superordinate objects

Memel (Hlste. Dreifaltigkeit), Klaipėda, Memel (1907) ( parish ) Source S.160/161

Deutsch Crottingen, Kretingalė (1939-05-01 -) ( municipality ) Source

Deutsch-Crottingen (1907) ( parish ) Source S.160/161

Deutsch Crottingen, Deutsch Krottingen, Kretingalė, kaimas, Crottingen (- 1939-04-30) ( Gutsbezirk rural municipality ) Source Source

Subordinate objects
name type GOV-Id Timespan
Deutsch-Crottingen church object_169362
Adlig Krottingen, Adlig Crottingen, Kretingalė, dvaras manor settlement CROGENKO05OT (1939-05-01 -)


Sources

  1. Sembritzki Johannes, Geschichte des Kreises Memel, history of the county Memel
  2. Sembritzki Johannes, Geschichte des Kreises Memel, history of the county Memel
  3. Sembritzki Johannes, Geschichte des Kreises Memel, history of the county Memel
  4. Generalhufenschoß 1719-1766, Schulzenamt Memel, Hubenzahl 1719, Buch Nr. 3, Staatliches Archivlager, Göttingen, 1962, a taxlist from 1719-1766
  5. Schmid, Wolfgang P.: Das Nehrungskurische, ein sprachhistorischer Überblick
  6. Prußischer Wortschatz, Privatsammlung Szillis-Kappelhoff , about the languages Nehrungs-Curonian and Old-Prussion, private collection of B.Szillis-Kappelhoff
  7. Quelle: Generalhufenschoß 1719-1766, Schulzenamt Memel, Hubenzahl 1719, Buch Nr. 3, Staatliches Archivlager, Göttingen, 1962, a tax list from 1719- 1766
  8. Mortensen, H. u. G.: Die Besiedlung des nördlichen Ostpreußen bis zum Beginn des 17.Jh Teil I: Die preußisch-deutsche Siedlung am Westrand der Großen Wildnis um 1400, Teil II: Die Wildnis im östlichen Preußen, ihr Zustand um 1400 und ihre frühere Besiedlung, in Deutschland und der Osten Band 8, Leipzig 1938, II.S.115, about early settlement in Northern East Prussia from 1400-1600
  9. Sembritzki Johannes, Die Geschichte des Kreises Memel, history of the County Memel
  10. Generalhufenschoß 1719-1766, Schulzenamt Memel, Hubenzahl 1719, Buch Nr. 3, Staatliches Archivlager, Göttingen, 1962, a tax list from 1719- 1766
  11. from 1912, Ausgabe 1941
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