GEDCOM-Tags

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Definition of all standard GEDCOM-Tags

List of all field names (tags), used in GEDCOM Specification 5.5, or (with a special comment) or added/deleted in GEDCOM 5.5.1. These field names are used in a hierarchical structure to describe e.g. single persons in connection with their families. Field names may have different meaning and content depending on their position in the data structure.

GEDCOM-standard permits userdefined field names (one of the major causes of "misunderstandings" of different GECOM-compliant programs!). They have to begin with an underscore _ .

Tag formal description english description
ABBR ABBREVIATION A short name of a title, description, or name.
ADDR ADDRESS The contemporary place, usually required for postal purposes, of an individual, a submitter of information, a repository, a business, a school, or a company.
ADR1 ADDRESS1 The first line of an address.
ADR2 ADDRESS2 The second line of an address.
ADOP ADOPTION Pertaining to creation of a child-parent relationship that does not exist biologically.
AFN AFN Ancestral File Nummer, a unique permanent record file number of an individual record stored in Ancestral File.
AGE AGE The age of the individual at the time an event occurred, or the age listed in the document.
AGNC AGENCY The institution or individual having authority and/or responsibility to manage or govern.
ALIA ALIAS An indicator to link different record descriptions of a person who may be the same person.
ANCE ANCESTORS Pertaining to forbearers of an individual.
ANCI ANCES_INTEREST Indicates an interest in additional research for ancestors of this individual. (See also DESI)
ANUL ANNULMENT Declaring a marriage void from the beginning (never existed).
ASSO ASSOCIATES An indicator to link friends, neighbors, relatives, or associates of an individual.
AUTH AUTHOR The name of the individual who created or compiled information.
BAPL BAPTISM-LDS The event of baptism performed at age eight or later by priesthood authority of the LDS Church. (See also BAPM)
BAPM BAPTISM The event of baptism (not LDS), performed in infancy or later. (See also BAPL and CHR)
BARM BAR_MITZVAH The ceremonial event held when a Jewish boy reaches age 13.
BASM BAS_MITZVAH The ceremonial event held when a Jewish girl reaches age 13, also known as "Bat Mitzvah."
BIRT BIRTH The event of entering into life.
BLES BLESSING A religious event of bestowing divine care or intercession. Sometimes given in connection with a naming ceremony.
BLOB BINARY_OBJECT A grouping of data used as input to a multimedia system that processes binary data to represent images, sound, and video.
deleted in Gedcom 5.5.1
BURI BURIAL The event of the proper disposing of the mortal remains of a deceased person.
CALN CALL_NUMBER The number used by a repository to identify the specific items in its collections.
CAST CASTE The name of an individual's rank or status in society, based on racial or religious differences, or differences in wealth, inherited rank, profession, occupation, etc.
CAUS CAUSE A description of the cause of the associated event or fact, such as the cause of death.
CENS CENSUS The event of the periodic count of the population for a designated locality, such as a national or state Census.
CHAN CHANGE Indicates a change, correction, or modification. Typically used in connection with a DATE to specify when a change in information occurred.
CHAR CHARACTER An indicator of the character set used in writing this automated information.
CHIL CHILD The natural, adopted, or sealed (LDS) child of a father and a mother.
CHR CHRISTENING The religious event (not LDS) of baptizing and/or naming a child.
CHRA ADULT_CHRISTENING The religious event (not LDS) of baptizing and/or naming an adult person.
CITY CITY A lower level jurisdictional unit. Normally an incorporated municipal unit.
CONC CONCATENATION An indicator that additional data belongs to the superior value. The information from the CONC value is to be connected to the value of the superior preceding line without a space and without a carriage return and/or new line character. Values that are split for a CONC tag must always be split at a non-space. If the value is split on a space the space will be lost when concatenation takes place. This is because of the treatment that spaces get as a GEDCOM delimiter, many GEDCOM values are trimmed of trailing spaces and some systems look for the first non-space starting after the tag to determine the beginning of the value.
CONF CONFIRMATION The religious event (not LDS) of conferring the gift of the Holy Ghost and, among protestants, full church membership.
CONL CONFIRMATION_L The religious event by which a person receives membership in the LDS Church.
CONT CONTINUED An indicator that additional data belongs to the superior value. The information from the CONT value is to be connected to the value of the superior preceding line with a carriage return and/or new line character. Leading spaces could be important to the formatting of the resultant text. When importing values from CONT lines the reader should assume only one delimiter character following the CONT tag. Assume that the rest of the leading spaces are to be a part of the value.
COPR COPYRIGHT A statement that accompanies data to protect it from unlawful duplication and distribution.
CORP CORPORATE A name of an institution, agency, corporation, or company.
CREM CREMATION Disposal of the remains of a person's body by fire.
CTRY COUNTRY The name or code of the country.
DATA DATA Pertaining to stored automated information.
DATE DATE The time of an event in a calendar format.
DEAT DEATH The event when mortal life terminates.
DESC DESCENDANTS Pertaining to offspring of an individual.
DESI DESCENDANT_INT Indicates an interest in research to identify additional descendants of this individual. (See also ANCI)
DEST DESTINATION A system receiving data.
DIV DIVORCE An event of dissolving a marriage through civil action.
DIVF DIVORCE_FILED An event of filing for a divorce by a spouse.
DSCR PHY_DESCRIPTION The physical characteristics of a person, place, or thing.
EDUC EDUCATION Indicator of a level of education attained.
EMAIL EMAIL An electronic address that can be used for contact such as an email address...
new in Gedcom 5.5.1
EMIG EMIGRATION An event of leaving one's homeland with the intent of residing elsewhere.
ENDL ENDOWMENT A religious event where an endowment ordinance for an individual was performed by priesthood authority in an LDS temple.
ENGA ENGAGEMENT An event of recording or announcing an agreement between two people to become married.
EVEN EVENT A noteworthy happening related to an individual, a group, or an organization.
FACT FACT Pertaining to a noteworthy attribute or fact concerning an individual, a group, or an organization. A

FACT structure is usually qualified or classified by a subordinate use of the TYPE tag.
new in Gedcom 5.5.1

FAM FAMILY Identifies a legal, common law, or other customary relationship of man and woman and their children, if any, or a family created by virtue of the birth of a child to its biological father and mother.
FAMC FAMILY_CHILD Identifies the family in which an individual appears as a child.
FAMF FAMILY_FILE Pertaining to, or the name of, a family file. Names stored in a file that are assigned to a family for doing temple ordinance work.
FAMS FAMILY_SPOUSE Identifies the family in which an individual appears as a spouse.
FAX FAX A FAX telephone number appropriate for sending data facsimiles.
new in Gedcom 5.5.1
FCOM FIRST_COMMUNION A religious rite, the first act of sharing in the Lord's supper as part of church worship.
FILE FILE An information storage place that is ordered and arranged for preservation and reference.
FONE PHONETIC A phonetic variation of a superior text string.
new in Gedcom 5.5.1
FORM FORMAT An assigned name given to a consistent format in which information can be conveyed.
GEDC GEDCOM Information about the use of GEDCOM in a transmission.
GIVN GIVEN_NAME A given or earned name used for official identification of a person.
GRAD GRADUATION An event of awarding educational diplomas or degrees to individuals.
HEAD HEADER Identifies information pertaining to an entire GEDCOM transmission.
HUSB HUSBAND An individual in the family role of a married man or father.
IDNO IDENT_NUMBER A number assigned to identify a person within some significant external system.
IMMI IMMIGRATION An event of entering into a new locality with the intent of residing there.
INDI INDIVIDUAL A person.
LANG LANGUAGE The name of the language used in a communication or transmission of information.
LATI LATITUDE A value indicating a coordinate position on a line, plane, or space.
new in Gedcom 5.5.1
LEGA LEGATEE A role of an individual acting as a person receiving a bequest or legal devise.
LONG LONGITUDE A value indicating a coordinate position on a line, plane, or space.
new in Gedcom 5.5.1
MAP MAP Pertains to a representation of measurements usually presented in a graphical form.
new in Gedcom 5.5.1
MARB MARRIAGE_BANN An event of an official public notice given that two people intend to marry.
MARC MARR_CONTRACT An event of recording a formal agreement of marriage, including the prenuptial agreement in which marriage partners reach agreement about the property rights of one or both, securing property to their children.
MARL MARR_LICENSE An event of obtaining a legal license to marry.
MARR MARRIAGE A legal, common-law, or customary event of creating a family unit of a man and a woman as husband and wife.
MARS MARR_SETTLEMENT An event of creating an agreement between two people contemplating marriage, at which time they agree to release or modify property rights that would otherwise arise from the marriage.
MEDI MEDIA Identifies information about the media or having to do with the medium in which information is stored.
NAME NAME A word or combination of words used to help identify an individual, title, or other item. More than one NAME line should be used for people who were known by multiple names.
NATI NATIONALITY The national heritage of an individual.
NATU NATURALIZATION The event of obtaining citizenship.
NCHI CHILDREN_COUNT The number of children that this person is known to be the parent of (all marriages) when subordinate to an individual, or that belong to this family when subordinate to a FAM_RECORD.
NICK NICKNAME A descriptive or familiar that is used instead of, or in addition to, one's proper name.
NMR MARRIAGE_COUNT The number of times this person has participated in a family as a spouse or parent.
NOTE NOTE Additional information provided by the submitter for understanding the enclosing data.
NPFX NAME_PREFIX Text which appears on a name line before the given and surname parts of a name. i.e. ( Lt. Cmndr. ) Joseph /Allen/ jr. In this example Lt. Cmndr. is considered as the name prefix portion.
NSFX NAME_SUFFIX Text which appears on a name line after or behind the given and surname parts of a name. i.e. Lt. Cmndr. Joseph /Allen/ ( jr. ) In this example jr. is considered as the name suffix portion.
OBJE OBJECT Pertaining to a grouping of attributes used in describing something. Usually referring to the data required to represent a multimedia object, such an audio recording, a photograph of a person, or an image of a document.
OCCU OCCUPATION The type of work or profession of an individual.
ORDI ORDINANCE Pertaining to a religious ordinance in general.
ORDN ORDINATION A religious event of receiving authority to act in religious matters.
PAGE PAGE A number or description to identify where information can be found in a referenced work.
PEDI PEDIGREE Information pertaining to an individual to parent lineage chart.
PHON PHONE A unique number assigned to access a specific telephone.
PLAC PLACE A jurisdictional name to identify the place or location of an event.
POST POSTAL_CODE A code used by a postal service to identify an area to facilitate mail handling.
PROB PROBATE An event of judicial determination of the validity of a will. May indicate several related court activities over several dates.
PROP PROPERTY Pertaining to possessions such as real estate or other property of interest.
PUBL PUBLICATION Refers to when and/or were a work was published or created.
QUAY QUALITY_OF_DATA An assessment of the certainty of the evidence to support the conclusion drawn from evidence.
REFN REFERENCE A description or number used to identify an item for filing, storage, or other reference purposes.
RELA RELATIONSHIP A relationship value between the indicated contexts.
RELI RELIGION A religious denomination to which a person is affiliated or for which a record applies.
REPO REPOSITORY An institution or person that has the specified item as part of their collection(s).
RESI RESIDENCE The act of dwelling at an address for a period of time.
RESN RESTRICTION A processing indicator signifying access to information has been denied or otherwise restricted.
RETI RETIREMENT An event of exiting an occupational relationship with an employer after a qualifying time period.
RFN REC_FILE_NUMBER A permanent number assigned to a record that uniquely identifies it within a known file.
RIN REC_ID_NUMBER A number assigned to a record by an originating automated system that can be used by a receiving system to report results pertaining to that record.
ROLE ROLE A name given to a role played by an individual in connection with an event.
ROMN ROMANIZED A romanized variation of a superior text string.
new in Gedcom 5.5.1
SEX SEX Indicates the sex of an individual--male or female.
SLGC SEALING_CHILD A religious event pertaining to the sealing of a child to his or her parents in an LDS temple ceremony.
SLGS SEALING_SPOUSE A religious event pertaining to the sealing of a husband and wife in an LDS temple ceremony.
SOUR SOURCE The initial or original material from which information was obtained.
SPFX SURN_PREFIX A name piece used as a non-indexing pre-part of a surname.
SSN SOC_SEC_NUMBER A number assigned by the United States Social Security Administration. Used for tax identification purposes.
STAE STATE A geographical division of a larger jurisdictional area, such as a State within the United States of America.
STAT STATUS An assessment of the state or condition of something.
SUBM SUBMITTER An individual or organization who contributes genealogical data to a file or transfers it to someone else.
SUBN SUBMISSION Pertains to a collection of data issued for processing.
SURN SURNAME A family name passed on or used by members of a family.
TEMP TEMPLE The name or code that represents the name a temple of the LDS Church.
TEXT TEXT The exact wording found in an original source document.
TIME TIME A time value in a 24-hour clock format, including hours, minutes, and optional seconds, separated by a colon (:). Fractions of seconds are shown in decimal notation.
TITL TITLE A description of a specific writing or other work, such as the title of a book when used in a source context, or a formal designation used by an individual in connection with positions of royalty or other social status, such as Grand Duke.
TRLR TRAILER At level 0, specifies the end of a GEDCOM transmission.
TYPE TYPE A further qualification to the meaning of the associated superior tag. The value does not have any computer processing reliability. It is more in the form of a short one or two word note that should be displayed any time the associated data is displayed.
VERS VERSION Indicates which version of a product, item, or publication is being used or referenced.
WIFE WIFE An individual in the role as a mother and/or married woman.
WWW WEB World Wide Web home page.
new in Gedcom 5.5.1
WILL WILL A legal document treated as an event, by which a person disposes of his or her estate, to take effect after death. The event date is the date the will was signed while the person was alive. (See also PROBate)
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