Galicia

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General Information

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Galicia [E] or Galizien [D] was formerly a crown land of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. Its former territories are now shared between southern Poland and western Ukraine. Other names for the area are Galicja [Polish], Halychyna [Ukrainian] and Rus Halicka [Polish].

Note that Galicia should not be confused with the province in northern Spain of the same name.

Description of the Research area

  • Geography

It extended from the Biala River (minor tributary of the Weichsel) in the west to the Zbrucz (tributary of the Dniester in the east). From the Carpathians in the south, the land drops off to the north, passing over the Sarmatian Plain. At its largest, Galicia comprised approximately 78,000 square kilometers.

  • Political Divisions

The administative divisions changed over the time. Historically, there were first 6 later 18 districts with a district chief (Kreishauptmann).The most common partition for research is the partition in 82 administrative districts from 1906-1914.

  • Religious Divisions

History

The negotiations between the three powers, <a href="/reg/ESE/russia.html">Russia</a>, Prussia and Austria, over the first partition of Poland were concluded on August 5, 1772. The cession treaty between the last King of Poland and Empress Maria Theresia took effect on September 18, 1773. Austria received Galicia including the Zamosz district, but excluding Cracow.

In the course of the later Napoleonic wars, Zamosz was to be detached from Austria as a new duchy centered at Cracow was established. It was to be subsquently annexed by Austria in 1846.

On the 1st of September in 1774, the Empress issued the first settlement patent. The second settlement patent was issued on September 17, 1781, by Emperor Josef II which also allowed emigration of foreigners. This patent was supplemented by the Toleranzpatent of October 13, 1781, which proclaimed religious toleration for Protestants. In the years to come, thousands of families emigrated into Galicia, mostly out of the Palatinate (Pfalz) and settled in newly-founded German communities or in the cities as craftsmen and artisans.

In 1918, after the First World War, Galicia was annexed to Poland as "Kleinpolen" (Malopolska [P], Little Poland [E]). After 1939 and the partition of Poland by Germany and Russia, East Galicia became part of Ukraine while West Galicia was a part of the provisional government of Warsaw. This division has remained to this day. A large part of the German population of East Galicia was, following negotiations, resettled out of the Russian area and into West Galicia. 1945 saw the end of the history of the settlement of Galicia by the so-called "Pfälzer Schwaben". Only a few remained, most of them having married into Polish or Ukrainian families and hoping to escape repression.

Many who fled went to Germany and emigrated to the USA and Canada where their relatives had already begun to emigrate since the beginning of the 20th century.

Associations and Societies

Genealogical Societies

  • Forschungsstelle Galizien und Bukowina der AGoFF

Contact: Manfred Daum
Haferkamp 25
D-29525 Uelzen
GERMANY

Historical and other Societies

  • Hilfskomitee der Galiziendeutschen A.u.H.B. im Diakonischen Werk der EKD e.V.

Contact: Oskar Wolf
Heinrichstr. 3
D-32584 Löhne
GERMANY

  • Hilfskomitee der evang.-luth. Deutschen aus Polen

Contact: Walter Irrgang
Königsworther Str. 2
D-30167 Hannover
GERMANY

  • Landsmannschaft Weichsel-Warthe

Contact: Hans Werner Pietzsch
Friedrichstr. 35/III
D-65185 Wiesbaden
GERMANY

Genealogical and Historical Records

Church Records

Eastern Galicia

Evangelical
  • Before 1870

Found in the Archiv Alter Akten in Warsaw
Contact: Archiwum Glowne Akt Dawnych
ul. Dluga 7
PL-00-950 Warszawa
skrytka pocztowa 1005
POLAND

  • 1870-1939

Found in the City Clerk's Office of Central Warsaw
Contact: Urzad Stanu Cywilnego
ul. Dluga 7
PL-00-950 Warszawa-Sródmiescie
POLAND

Roman Catholic
  • Lemberg Diocese

Lubaczow-Archiwum Diecezjalne
Kuria Arcybiskupia Lubaczów-ul. Mickiewicza 85
PL-37-680 Lubaczów POLAND

  • Przemysl Diocese

Przemysl-Archiwum Diecezjalne
Kuria Arcybiskupia Przemysl
POLAND

Archiv Alter Akten (see above)

City Clerk's Office of Central Warsaw (see above)

Archiwum Akt Zaburzanskich in Warsaw
ul. Juzuicka 8
PL-00-281 Warszawa
POLAND

Eastern Orthodox

These books have remained in East Galicia and are probably in the local city clerk offices or archives. These books are also said to have been filmed and the films kept in Kiev, Ukraine.

Western Galicia

Evangelical
  • Remaining Communities
  • Dissolved Communities


Roman Catholic

Civil Registration Records

Other records

Villages and Maps

Village lists

Maps

Bibliography and Literature

Literature in English

Archives and Libraries

Germany

Poland

Ukraine

Miscellaneous

Professional Researchers

Customs

Emigrations

Languages

Calendar

Events

Other Internet resources

Discussion boards

Mailinglists

Interesting Internet resources

Personal tools
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In other languages