Germany 1989

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Hierarchy

Regional Research > Germany, after 1989

Contents

Introduction

Flag
File:Flag State Germany.png
Coat of Arms
File:Coat of Arms State BRD-after-1989.png
Germany's (after 1989)
location within Europe


National Colors

The National Colors of the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) are:
black (Schwarz), red (Rot) and golden (Gold).

General Information

Political Structure

Current Political Structure
(since 03-Oct-1989)
The Federal Republic of Germany consists of 16 Federal States, the so-called Bundesländer.


File:Map State BRD-after-1989.png


Baden-Württemberg Bavaria Berlin Brandenburg
Bremen Hamburg Hesse Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Lower Saxony Nordrhine-Westphalia Rhineland-Palatine Saarland
Saxony Saxony-Anhalt Schleswig-Holstein Thuringia


Historical Political Structure

Baden-Württemberg
includes the former grand duchy of Baden, the principality of Hohenzollern and the kingdom of Württemberg

Bavaria (Bayern)
includes the former kingdom of Bavaria, excluding Rheinpfalz (today part of Baden-Württemberg) and the duchy of Saxe-Coburg (became part of Bavaria only in 1920)

Berlin

Brandenburg
includes the western portion of the former Prussian province of Brandenburg

Bremen

Hamburg

Hesse (Hessen)
includes the former free city of Frankfurt am Main, the grand duchy ofHesse-Darmstadt (without the province of Rheinhessen), part of the landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg, the electorate of Hesse-Kassel, the duchy of Nassau, the district of Wetzlar (Part of the former Prussian Rheinprovinz) and the principality of Waldeck

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
including the former grand duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin und Mecklenburg-Strelitz, without the principality of Ratzeburg and the western portion of the former Prussion province of Pommern (Hither Pommerania)

Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)
includes the former duchy of Brunswick, the kingdom/ Prussian province of Hannover, the dutchy of Oldenburg in Oldenburg, grand duchy of Oldenburg, and the principality of Schaumburg-Lippe

Northrhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen)
includes the former Prussian province of Westphalia, the northern portion of the former Prussian Rheinprovinz and the principality of Lippe {Detmold].

Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz)
includes part of the principality Birkenfeld, grand duchy of Oldenburg, the province of Rheinhesse, grand duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt, part of the landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg, the major portion of the former Bavarian Rheinpfalz and most of southern portion of the former Prussian Rheinprovinz

Saarland
includes some parts of the former Bavarian Rheinpfalz, the southern portion of the former Prussian Rheinprovinz and the principality of Birkenfeld, grand duchy of Oldenburg

Saxony (Sachsen)
includes the former kingdom of Saxony, and parts of the former Prussian province of Silesia, county Hoyerswerda and parts of the counties of Rothenburg(Oberlausitz) und Görlitz located westerly of the westlich der Oder-Neisse Line

Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt)
includes the former duchy of Anhalt and the former Prussian province of Saxony excluding the governmental district of Erfurt

Schleswig-Holstein
includes the former Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein with Lauenburg without: Northern Schleswig, also including the free Hansestadt Lübeck, and the principality of Ratzeburg, grand duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Thuringia (Thüringen)
includes the former principalities and duchies of Thuringia, and the governmental district of Erfurt the former Prussian province of Saxony

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