Neumark

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Image:Lokal_Land_Neumark.png

Localization of Region Neumark within Germany

Contents

Introduction

Coat of Arms

Image:Wappen_Land_Brandenburg.png
The coat of arms of the New March (East Brandenburg) corresponds to that of Brandenburg: on a shield of silver is a red eagle, looking right, with golden trefoil stems on the wings and golden arms.

Statecolours

The colours of the state are red and white.

General Information

The region New March the part of Brandenburg situated east of Oder and Neiße Rivers. It is bordering Pommerania, West-Prussia, Posen and Silesia. Today it belongs to Poland and is called Województwo Lubuskie (= Province Brandenburg).

Political Division

The New March is divided into 18 counties and four cities:

Image:Karte_Land_Neumark.png

Governmental District

Regierungsbezirk Frankfurt/O.

Administrative districts
Counties Cities
Arnswalde Lebus (only eastern area) Forst
Bomst Meseritz Frankfurt/O.
Cottbus Oststernberg Guben (City)
Crossen Schivelbein Landsberg/W. (City)
Dramburg Schwerin/W.
Friedeberg/Nm. Soldin bordering county:
Guben (Country) Sorau Birnbaum
Königsberg/Nm. Weststernberg
Landsberg/W. (Country) Züllichau-Schwiebus

Historical Abstract

Start about 1300

Image:Karte_Land_Neumark1350.png

The extent of the New March has been unchanged in its kernel from the rise in 13th century until into the 20th century. This kernel comprised the area north of the Warthe-Netze-River-Line betweeen the lower Oder in the west and the rivulet Drage in the east as New March proper, for which in 1290 the name "Neue Mark über Oder" (New March across Oder) is first used (the later three front counties Königsberg/Nm., Soldin und Landsberg_W.|Landsberg/W., and the four back counties Friedeberg/Nm., Arnswalde, Dramburg and Schivelbein); added a the same period Land Sternberg situated south of this line and bordered in the west and south by the Oder, in the east by the Obra-Depression (later counties Oststernberg and Weststernberg).

Expansion 1482

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This kernel area was expanded in 1482 by the land Crossen with Züllichau, Bobersberg and Sommerfeld and hereby crossed the Oder in southern direction for the first time. Since 1535 when the New March under Markgraf (Margrave) Johann of Küstrin was an independant state for the only time in history also County Cottbus was part of it, which already in 1445 had become Brandenburgian and only during Franzosenzeit (time of French dominium) 1807 to 1813 had to be ceded to the Kingdom of Saxony. After the death of Markgraf Johann in 1571 the New March stayed in this previous extent as an independent Brandenburgian-Prussian province with its own government at Küstrin until the reorganization and redistribution of the state after the war of liberation.

Reorganization 1816

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In the course of this administrative reformation in 1816 the counties Dramburg and Schivelbein were separated from the New March and given to Pommerania, the same applies to parts of County Arnswalde around Nörenberg and of County Soldin north of Lippehne; on the other hand Pommerania gave some villages of County Pyritz in the area of Bernstein to the Neu March County Soldin. In the south the County Schwiebus, which from 1686 until 1694 and than finally since 1742 belonged to Prussia, but was placed under the government of Glogau, was united with Meu March County Züllichau, which supplied the new county capital. The governmental district Frankfurt/O. newly founded in 1816 including the until then Saxonian Lower Lusatia (counties Guben and Sorau), which now included the whole area of New March, for the region north of the Warthe-Netze-River-Line from Pommerania to the Oder kept the centuries old name New March and also used it in official mail and railroad designations of the locations. The population of this wide area, of lower and middle german origin with a strong quota of colonists from all over Germany in the long years of common state homogeneousness has melted into a union also economically and culturally and has deliberately and loyally tended this union.

Changes 1938

Image:Karte_Land_Neumark1938.png

Incisive changes in this uniform area appeared only 20 years after WW I, when in 1938 the province Border-March-Posen-Westprussia was dissolved and the century old good New Marchian counties Arnswalde and Friedeberg/Nm. were separated from Brandenburg and were adjoined to the newly built Pommeranian Regierungsbezirk Schneidemühl and on the other hand the province Brandenburg obtained substancial areal increase by incorporating the until then Border Marchian residual counties Schwerin/W. and Meseritz/Bomst into the neighbouring New March.

Poland

After 1945 the New March became part of Poland and here also the territorial extent changed repeatedly. After 1975 organized in small provinces, Stettin (Szczecin), Landsberg/W. (Gorzów Wlkp.) and Grünberg (Zielona Góra) belonged to it. An administrative reformation in 1999 reduced the number of provinces, now there again is a Province Brandenburg (Województwo Lubuskie), with the area around Königsberg/Nm. and Soldin being part of the Province Pommerania (Województwo Zachodnio Pomorskie).

Weblinks

Additional Websites

  • Mailing list Neumark-L for genealogy in Neumark (German language only)
  • Article Brandenburg of Encylopedia Britannica
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