Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria)

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Hierarchy
Regional Research > Germany, after 1989 > Bavaria > Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria)

File:Lage Regierungsbezirk Niederbayern in Bayern.png
Location of Administrative District (Regierungsbezirk) Niederbayern within the Federal State (Bundesland) Bavaria



Contents

Introduction

Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria) is one of the 7 administrative districts (Regierungsbezirk) of Bavaria (Bayern).

Coat of Arms


The Lower Bavarian coat of arms consists of two symbols: of the Bavarian white (silver) and blue lozenges (bayerische Rauten) and the red panther (Phanther or Pantier). With the panther Lower Bavaria represents the dynasty of the Grafen Ortenburg-Kraiburg (House of Spanheim), who in the 12th century were status-wise and in wealth the first amongst the old-Bavarian noble houses.


General Information

Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria) is located in the east of Bavaria. It borders on the Bavarian administrative districts Upper Bavaria and Upper Palatinate. In the southeast it borders on Austria and in the east on the Czech Republic.

Data: 2003 Area in qkm Population Inhabitants /qkm
Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria) 10,330 1,194,472 116pete
Bavaria total 70,549 12,423,386 176


(Source: Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung, Genesis online)

Political Structure

Lower Bavarias administrative Capital is the city of Landshut.


Counties


Independent Cities



Structure before 1972/78

In 1972/78 Bavaria had a major re-organization of the administrative system - a county-reform (Landkreisreform) and the municipality-reform (Gemeindereform). Aim was to downsize the number of existing administrative counties (Landkreise), independent cities (Kreisfreie Städte) and municipalities (Gemeinden). After these reforms a lot of formerly independent places and communities became part of another municipality (sometimes with this even became part of another county). Also some formerly existing counties were combined and the old county names ceased to exists. In some areas of Bavaria places even changed the administrative district (Regierungsbezirk) they belonged too.

Lower Bavarias past administrative structure:

Lower Bavaria since 1972 before 1972
Counties 9 22
Independent Cities   3 4
Municipalities 258  ?



Counties (before county/municipality reforms in 1972 / 78):

*Bogen (today: county Straubing-Bogen)
*Deggendorf
*Dingolfing (today: county Dingolfing-Landau)
*Eggenfelden (today: county Rottal-Inn)
*Grafenau (today: county Freyung-Grafenau)
*Griesbach (today: county Passau)
*Kelheim
*Kötzting (today: Administrative District: Upper Palatinate; county Cham)
*Landau an der Isar (today: county Dingolfing-Landau)
*Landshut
*Mainburg
*Mallersdorf
*Passau
*Pfarrkirchen (today: county Rottal-Inn)
*Regen
*Rottenburg an der Laaber
*Straubing (today: county Straubing-Bogen)
*Viechtach (today: county Regen)
*Vilsbiburg
*Vilshofen (today: county Passau)
*Wegscheid (today: county Passau)
*Wolfstein (today: county Freyung-Grafenau)


Independent Cities (before county/municipality reforms in 1972 / 78):

  • Deggendorf
  • Landshut
  • Passau
  • Straubing



Church Structure

Due to historical reasons Lower Bavarias population is dominantly catholic, there are 90 % Roman-Catholics (römisch-katholisch) and 7 % protestants (evangelisch-lutherisch), according to data from 1987. This is due to the fact that Lower Bavaria was for centuries part of the old-Bavarian wittelsbachischen territory (Altbayern) , ruled by the House of Wittelsbach that was catholic. In the past the people of this area either stayed catholic or reverted back to Catholicism after the so-called Gegenreformation (rigorous reinforcing of Catholicism, Counter-Reformation).

Evangelical-Lutheran



Evangelical-Reformed

Evangelisch-Reformierte Kirche (Evangelical-Reformed Church, Homepage)
Territories and history

Roman-Catholic



Religion of Population (1987)

Religion of population (1987) Population    Roman
Catholic
    
Evangelical
church
(**)
Jewish   other
Religions
none   
total % % % % %
Bavaria (total) 10,902,643 67 24 0.05 4 5
Lower Bavaria 1,027,374 90 7 0.01 1.4 2


(**) incl. Freikirchen

(Source: Data: 1987, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung, Genesis online)


History

NOTE: English version of - Lower Bavarian history - is currently NOT available. Meanwhile see summary overview:



Historical Political Structure

NOTE: English version of - Lower Bavarian historical political structure - is currently NOT available. Meanwhile see summary overview:



Historical predecessor entities on Lower Bavarian territory:
English version of - Lower Bavarian historical predecessor entities - is currently NOT available

See here:



Development of the past administrative structure of Lower Bavaria after 1806:
In 1808 within the Kingdom of Bavaria a new organizational structure was set up and regarding current day Lower Bavaria the following structure evolved, in:

  • 1808: the new Kreis called Unterdonaukreis (administrative capital: Passau) was formed
  • 1810: the second Unterdonaukreis (administrative capital: Passau), enlarged with territory from the Regenkreis (LG ä.O.: Mitterfels, Viechtach, Straubing and city of Straubing, with territory from the Salzachkreis (LG ä.O.: Eggenfelden) and with former Austrian territories (LG ä.O.: Schärding) and with parts from Hausruckviertel and Obernburg
  • 1817: Unterdonaukreis was enlarged with territory from: the Salzachkreis (LG ä.O.: Altötting, Burghausen, Simbach) and the Regenkreis (LG ä.O.: Cham, Kötzting)

After a major re-organization of the royal administration, this administrative region was renamed in:

  • 1837: to Kreis Niederbayern (now administrative capital: Landshut) and handed over to Kreis Oberpfalz und Regensburg (LG ä.O.: Cham), to Kreis Oberbayern (Altötting, Burghausen) and got from Kreis Oberbayern (LG ä.O.: Vilsbiburg, Landshut and city of Landshut) and from Kreis Oberpfalz und Regensburg (LG ä.O.: Abensberg, Kelheim, Pfaffenberg, Zaitzhofen).


The main area of this administrative region called Kreis Niederbayern is more or less identical to the Lower Bavaria, as we know it today. In the following centuries there were these changes: e.g. in 1932: administrative regions Kreis Niederbayern and Kreis Oberpfalz were combined to Kreis Niederbayern und Oberpfalz (with capital in Regensburg), from 1939-1945: the former Bohemian counties Bergreichenstein, Markt Eisenstein and Prachatitz belonged to this administrative region; in 1948: the unification of Niederbayern/Oberpfalz was reversed and lastly the now called Regierungsbezirk Niederbayern (administrative district: Lower Bavaria) was re-established; in 1972: Lower Bavarian handed over to Upper Palatinate (county Kötzting), to Upper Bavaria (county Beilngries) and received from Upper Palatinate (county Riedenburg).

see here also:



Abbreviation:
LG ä.O. = Landgericht älterer Ordnung / Landgericht ä.O. (Regional court area of the old Order)


Genealogical and Historical Societies

Genealogical Societies



Historical Societies

Historischer Verein für Niederbayern
c/o Stadtarchiv/Stadt- und Kreismuseum, Altstadt 79, 84028 Landshut


Genealogical and Historical Documents



Bibliography

Historical Literature

  • Verhandlungen des Historischen Vereines in dem Unterdonaukreise
  • Verhandlungen des Historischen Vereins für Niederbayern (1846- )




Gazetteers and Maps

Gazetteers



Maps

  • Bavaria Maps Overview of helpful Links to maps for genealogist.



Maps showing the territory development of Lower Bavaria from 1789-1819:



Maps showing the past administrative organization of Lower Bavaria, 1808 until today:


see also:


Archives and Libraries

Archives


Church Book Archives:

Bischöfliche Zentralbibliothek
St. Petersweg 11-13
93047 Regensburg
Tel. 0941-597 - 2513
Fax 0941-597 - 2521
e-Mail: some mail



Libraries


Miscellaneous

Emigration



Internet Links

Official Websites


Genealogical Websites




Miscellaneous Websites



Data from the Genealogical Place Database (GOV)

GOV-Id adm_369092
name
  • Lower Bavaria (eng)
  • Unterdonaukreis (1808-10-01 - 1837-12-31) Source 1808 Spalte 1485 (deu)
  • Niederbayern (1838-01-01 -) Source 1837 Spalte 795 (deu)
type
  • Kreis (1808-10-01 - 1932-03-31) Source 1808 Spalte 1485
  • administrative district (1948-01-01 -)
population
external id
  • BLO:7
web page
Number of households
map
   

TK25: 7343

Affiliations
Superordinate objects

Bavaria, Bayern, Bavière, Beieren, Бавария (1948-01-01 -) ( federal state )

Bavaria, Baiern, Churpfalz-Baiern, Kurpfalz-Bayern, Pfalz-Baiern, Bayern (1808-10-01 - 1932-03-31) ( duchy kingdom free state ) Source 1808 Spalte 1485

Subordinate objects
name type GOV-Id Timespan
Vilshofen district office rural county object_385228 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Vilshofen district office rural county object_385228 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Vilshofen Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286567 (1808-10-01 -)
Landau Landgericht object_378791 (1808 - 1879)
Freyung, Freyung-Grafenau rural county adm_139272 (1972-07-01 -)
Passau Stadt adm_139262
Passau Hauptort PASSAUJN68RN (1808 - 1837)
Passau Landgericht object_286563 (1808-10-01 - 1838-10-08)
Passau district office rural county adm_139275 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Passau district office rural county adm_139275 (1946 -)
Passau Hochstift Landgericht object_378876 (1806 -)
Untere Isar, Dingolfing-Landau rural county adm_139279 (1972-07-01 -)
Landau an der Isar district office rural county object_389338 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Landau an der Isar district office rural county object_389338 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Bärnstein, Schönberg, Grafenau Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286646 (1802 - 1879)
Landshut Stadt adm_139261
Landshut district office rural county adm_139274 (1946 -)
Landshut district office rural county adm_139274 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Osterhofen Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286648 (1838-10-09 -)
Griesbach Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286562 (1808 - 1879)
Simbach Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286566 (1817 - 1879)
Viechtach district office rural county object_395288 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Viechtach district office rural county object_395288 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Viechtach Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286650 (1810-11-01 -)
Cham Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286465 (1817 - 1837)
Burghausen Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286580 (1817 - 1837)
Mainburg district office rural county object_395286 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Mainburg district office rural county object_395286 (1901 - 1932-03-31)
Mainburg Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286654 (1857-08-08 - 1973-06-30)
Bogen Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286570 (1838 -)
Bogen district office rural county object_386995 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Bogen district office rural county object_386995 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Regen Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286649 (1808 - 1879)
Regen district office rural county adm_139276 (1946 -)
Regen district office rural county adm_139276 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Mitterfels Landgericht object_378804 (1810 - 1879)
Mitterfels Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286574 (1810 - 1879)
Grafenau district office rural county object_386946 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Grafenau district office rural county object_386946 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Kötzting Landgericht object_378820 (1817 - 1837)
Kötzting Landgericht object_378820 (1838 - 1879)
Kötzting district office rural county object_395282 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Kötzting district office rural county object_395282 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Wolfstein, Freyung Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286561 (1808-10-01 -)
Griesbach im Rottal district office rural county object_379527 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Griesbach im Rottal district office rural county object_379527 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Vilsbiburg district office rural county object_381884 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Vilsbiburg district office rural county object_381884 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Vilsbiburg Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286657 (1838-01-01 -)
Deggendorf Stadt object_300265 (1948-01-01 - 1972-06-30)
Deggendorf Stadt object_300265 (1879 - 1932-03-31)
Deggendorf Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286645 (1808 - 1879)
Deggendorf district office rural county adm_139271 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Deggendorf district office rural county adm_139271 (1946 -)
Obernberg Landgericht object_378853 (1810 - 1816)
Rotthalmünster Landgericht object_385881 (1838 - 1879)
Kelheim district office rural county adm_139273 (1946 -)
Kelheim district office rural county adm_139273 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Altötting, Oetting, Altenötting Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286578 (1817-04-01 - 1837-12-31)
Straubing-Bogen rural county adm_139278
Passau II Landgericht object_395215 (1838-10-09 - 1879)
Rottal, Rottal-Inn rural county adm_139277 (1972-07-01 -)
Rottenburg Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286656 (1838-04-21 -)
Schärding Landgericht object_378854 (1810 - 1816)
Passau I Landgericht object_395214 (1838-10-09 - 1879)
Straubing Stadt adm_139263
Straubing district office rural county object_354108 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Straubing district office rural county object_354108 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Straubing Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286576 (1810-11-01 -)
Mallersdorf district office rural county object_395283 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Mallersdorf district office rural county object_395283 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Dingolfing district office rural county object_386999 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Dingolfing district office rural county object_386999 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Schönberg Landgericht object_378863 (1808 - 1811)
Pfarrkirchen district office rural county object_379468 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Pfarrkirchen Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286564 (1806 - 1879)
Pfarrkirchen district office rural county object_379468 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Rottenburg, Rottenburg an der Laaber district office rural county object_395285 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Rottenburg, Rottenburg an der Laaber district office rural county object_395285 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Waizenkirchen Landgericht object_378856 (1810 - 1816)
Viechtenstein Landgericht object_378855 (1810 - 1816)
Wegscheid district office rural county object_379413 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Wegscheid district office rural county object_379413 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Wegscheid Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286569 (1808-10-01 -)
Wolfstein district office rural county object_379018 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Wolfstein district office rural county object_379018 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Eggenfelden district office rural county object_378786 (1946 - 1972-06-30)
Eggenfelden Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_286652 (1810 - 1879)
Eggenfelden district office rural county object_378786 (1862-07-01 - 1932-03-31)
Sources for this object

Umleitung fehlt





Administrative Districts in the Federal State Bavaria

Mittelfranken (Middle Franconia) | Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria) | Oberbayern (Upper Bavaria) | Oberfranken (Upper Franconia) |
Oberpfalz (Upper Palatinate) | Schwaben (Swabia) | Unterfranken (Lower Franconia) |


Counties and Independent Cities in Administrative District Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria)

Landshut (City) | Passau (City) | Straubing (City)
Counties: Deggendorf | Dingolfing-Landau | Freyung-Grafenau | Kelheim | Landshut | Passau | Regen | Rottal-Inn | Straubing-Bogen |




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