Nordfriesland, County

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Nordfriesland, the district is lying in the dirctly swift action of "der blanke Hans" = the blank Hans (This is the popular name of the North-Sea, because the waves looks like blank silver, when the west storm does hunt them against the coasts). But still the district is saved from the North-Sea by the wonderfull world of the Halligen in the Wattenmeer = mud flates (1.800 sqare kilometres, in the meantime a national park) and the mainland is also saved behind the big - up to 8 meters - dikes.

(What is a Hallig? - It is a little islands, with sometimes only one farmhouse upon a Warft = a artificial hill, which has today a high up to roundabout 8 meters. The Hallig Hooge, one of the biggesd, has roundabout 200 people and has a church upon a Warft. I read this days in our newspaper - April 1997 - they do surch a new vicar, because the hallig-people want to have her own vicar in her own little church. I did visit this Hallig and the church three years ago: It was a wondefull experience at a summerday! - But I do not want to live over the whole year or my whole live on this island!! - But the Hallig inhabitiens do not want to live on the mainland in the big towns. They have thair roots in the "Utlande" = otside lands (outside the dikes lands) and want to be burried there! - Hallig Hooge has also her own school on a Warft. If a stormfloat comes up, the teacher does sent home the children, because the Hallig becomes in a very short time "landunter" = land under (water). This means the float goes over the Hallig and only the houses upon the Warften looks out of the water of the North-Sea. All this little an bigger islands have an effect like wave breakers for the mainland. This is the reason, why the writer wrote: the district is saved by the Halligen! - And this is the reason, why our State does spend a lot of money to keep the people on this islands, because the men do work at summertime every year as workers of the "Amt für Land- und Wasserwirtschaft Husum". This office has the duty, to make the dikes and also all islands secure from the North-Sea !!)

Back to the whole Nordfriesland:

The landscape makes for a visitor firsttime an effect of a flate and uniformed land. But if he looks at the details, he notice a landscape with a lot of faces. Between the leisurely - still an equable - village Ladelund and the fashionable swimming area village Kampen (on the island Sylt) do worlds apart! - Kampen you can mention in the same breath with St. Tropez or Biarritz.

The district Nordfriesland was built first - after some "labour pains" - in the year 1970 from the former districts Südtondern, Husum and Eidersted (Northtondern with the districttown Tondern was dividet after the referendum in 1920 and became a part of Denmark!). "Das Friesische" = the frisian language, a part of the districtname, is cultivated with a lot of love and also efforts. Only a fraction of the alltogether 160.000 inhabitants of Nordfriesland do speak this old language also today. "Frisia non cantat", who does not know this well known line outof Tacitus "Germania". - This line becomes refuted again day by day by a lively cultural live in the towns and parishes. With the well known persons, the poet Theodor Storm, the historian Theodor Mommsen and the sociologist Ferdinant Tönnies do come three of the significantest persons of a cultivation of the mind from the whole Germany, from this - supposed barren - landscape at the North-Sea- Coast.

Torism, farming and fishing (the both last you can see in the shield of North Frisia on the sails of the ships!) do bring more than 80 % of the gross value added of the northfrisian economic structure. The district notes down the lowest industrial settlement degree of the whole Schleswig-Holstein, but it seems, nobody does long for smoking chomneys in North Frisia!! - Which inhabitant of the big-citys would find back his power and leisure during his hollidays in North Frisia to come through all the frantic activities in Köln or Dortmund, with smoking indutry in the landscape between the "Geest, Marsch und den Prielen"?? -

(Geest is the infertile sandy midelstrip of Schl.-Hols. from the north to the south, Marsch = marsh lands at the western coast and Priele are the riversystem in the Wattenmeer = mud flates, which is build by the running of water at low tide time. You can see this riversystem every 6 hours, when the mud flates falls dry for 6 hours at low tide time.)

A person, which looks to the North-Sea from the Stollberg (the highest elevation of the district), has the impression, that the sea, the heaven and the earth are united. It was nobody else than the painter Emil Nolde - also a famous son of North Frisa - who did paint in his pictures this merge into one another in a unique style.

North Frisia is a reserve of recovery: from the towns St. Peter, Husum - "der grauen Stadt am Meer" = the gray city at the sea (birthcity of Theodor Storm: one of his full of feelings poems about his birthcity has the title: "Die graue Stadt am Meer") -, the old "Holländersiedlung" = Dutch Settlement: Friedrichstadt, the village of the storks: Bergenhusen and the upcomming under centre: Langenhorn as well as the islands in the North-Sea.

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