Plaschken

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Regional Research > Lithuania > Plaschken

Regional Research > Historic territory > Germany 1871-1918 > Kingdom Prussia > East Prussia > County Tilsit > Plaschken

Ruin of the church in Plaschken (2011)


Contents


Introduction

Plaschken, till 1835 County Niederung, (1836-1920) County Tilsit, East Prussia; (1920-1939) County Pogegen; (1939-1945) County Heydekrug


Name

Postcard from Plaschken

Other Names and Spellings

Meaning of the Name

The name refers to fishing.

  • Prussian-Lithuanian „plaškinis“ = a special kind of fishernet


General Information

  • in 1818 a village with a church, 33 hearths, 247 souls = people[3]
  • village with a church, north of the Jäge (river) , in 1939: 466 inhabitants[4]

Political Structure

In 1818: Plaschken incl. Karalischken, Domaine Winge, County Niederung[5]
After 1818 Müllerischken becomes part of Plaschken.[6]
In 1.1.1836: The parish Plaschken changes the county from County Niederung to County Tilsit[7]
In 1.5.1939: Name of the new municipality: Plaschken; The new municipality is formed by the former municipalities: Plaschken, Leitwarren, Schunellen, Warrischken, Deutsch Pillwarren and the estate Pillwarren. [8]

In 1.10.1939: Plaschken becomes part of County Heydekrug. [9]


Church

Church of Plaschken

Evangelical Church

Plaschken has been a parish since 1695.

Adjacent Places

In 1818 the following places belonged to the parish of Plaschken (at that time the parish belonged to County Niederung):

Plaschken incl. Karalischken, Kutzen, Deutsch Pillwarren, Brantischken, Pillwarren, Litthauisch Pillwarren, Leutwarren, Warrischken, Alt-Kartzewischken, Pageldienen, Schunnehlen, Müllerischken, Groß Bersteningken, Klein Bersteningken, Pleine, Papleine, Neu-Kartzewischken, Torfgenung, Grandeningken, Galsdun Jonaten (Jonaten), Jurge Szubien (Jebeszen), Schauditten, Uszpelken, Kubsteningken, Bruchhöfen, Heydeberg, Juszka Spötzen (Spötzen), Neu-Szemkehmen, Alt-Szemkehmen, Juszka Budwethen (Strillen), John Kugeleit (Kugehlen), Jacob Titzkus (Weidszenten), Schillgallen, Grünheide, Stonischken, Schillgallen (adelig)[10]

Church of Plaschken

In 1912 the following places (Kreis Tilsit) belonged to the parish of Plaschken:

Alt Karzewischken, Bruchhöfen, Deutsch Pillwarren, Galsdon Joneiten, Groß Bersteningken, Klein Bersteningken, Klein Karzewischken, Kubsteningken, Lasdehnen part , [Leitwarren]], Mädewald, Ostradirwen, Pakamonen, Pageldienen, Perwalkischken, Pillwarren Gut, Plaschken, Pleikischken, Pleine, Schauditten, Schunellen, Swareitkehmen, Szameitkehmen, Uszpelken, Warrischken, Werszenhof.

Before 1870 the following places in the parish of Rucken belonged to the parish of Plaschken:

Grünheide, Kowgirren, Schillgallen.

Church Books

Most of the church books of Plaschken only exist as films of the "Reichssippenamt", today in Leipzig (Sächsisches Staatsarchiv Leipzig). Almost all the originals are missing, only the books from the last few years exist, in Berlin (Evangelisches Zentralarchiv Berlin). The Mormons "Mormonen" also have films.

  • Baptisms 1709-1818, 1857-1875, in Berlin: 1931-1944
  • Marriages 1709-1815, in Berlin: 1935-1944
  • Deaths 1709-1815, 1840-1875, in Berlin: 1924-1944
  • Confirmations in Berlin: 1911-1941 (also the years of birth 1897-1927)

see also: Ostpreußen/Genealogische Quellen/Kirchbuchbestände Kreis Pogegen- East Prussia/Genealogical Sources/Library Catalogue Pogegen


In addition there is the Plaschker Taufbuch mit Kirchspielfremden - baptisms of people from other parishes in Plaschken, 1774-1868, in which the following places are mentioned: Baltruschkehmen, Jodlauken, Kampinnischken/Campinischken, Klein Moswethen, Kowgirren, Lappiniszken, Lasdehnen, Maszeiten, Nelamischken, Perwalkischken, Raisgen, Rucken, Schanzenkrug, Spingen, Stonischken, Suitkaten, Swareitkehmen, Szameitkehmen.

Confirmands in front of the church of Plaschken (1938)
Top row 3rd right : Kurt Peldszus from Galsdon Joneiten
  • Does anyone recognise other people in this photo from 1938?


Trombone group in Plaschken. The conductor and leader of the choir is Franz Kausch. With him the choir reached a high standard. Posaunenpfarrer ("Trombonepriest") Schernus needed him for all clerical celebrations in the Memelland . In the background is the church of Plaschken, around the end of the 1920s / beginning of the 1930s.



Civil Registration

The civil register of Plaschken is missing.

Inhabitants


Spring around 1930 from Adelheid Raque-Nutall

Administration

In 1874 the new local government officials in Prussia appointed registrars, bailiffs and mayors.

Bailiffs

  • Till 1915 (?) Massalski from Mädewald
  • Till around 1921 Zogeiser
  • 1922-1938 Hermann Kroll
  • 1939-1938 Alfred Schakat

Then this function was passed to the "Ortsgruppenleiter" (a nazi-rank) in Mädewald - Daumann - until he joined the army. The deputy was a teacher Elmenthaler. Perhaps Kurt Wilhelm Elmenthaler (* 27.12.1905). He was a teacher and worked until 1936 in the county Heiligenbeil. Facts from [11] in Szameitkehmen.

Registrars

  • Till 1915 (?) Massalski
  • Till 1924 Emil Reinecker
  • 1924-1938 Hermann Kroll
  • Then Alfred Schakat, deputy Olga Kroll

Bailiffs

Botschatzki, Zimmermann, Georg Koschubs, Michael Swars, Emil Gilde and after 1939 Max Petereit as Mayor

Police

After WW I three policemen:

  • 1920-1925 Hans Paulat
  • 1925-1935 Szelies
  • Till 1944 Rooeszies

Photos

Church of Plaschken and Cemetery

Church of Plaschken in (2010)
Church of Plaschken in (2010)
Church of Plaschken in (2010)
Church of Plaschken in (2010)
Helga Zschage and Gerhard Walter in the church in (2010)
Inside the church of Plaschken in (2012)
Altar in the church of Plaschken in (2012)
Storks on the church of Plaschken in (2010)
Grave near the church in (2010)
Grave of the priest of Plaschken Robert Hitzigrath in (2011)

Surrounding of the church of Plaschken

Former school with high-water level under the flag in (2010)
Old house near to the church in (2010)
Idyllic place in Plaschken near the Jäge (river) in (2010)

Impressions of Plaschken

2010

The photos were taken in June 2010 .


Maps

Plaschken on Schroetterkarte Blatt 12, (1796-1802), scale 1:50 000
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Schroetter Karte 1802, scale 1: 160 000


Plaschken and surroundings on Preußischen Urmesstischblatt Nr. 64, 1861
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Plaschken on Preußischen Urmesstischblatt Nr. 64, 1861
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz


Plaschken on Messtischblatt 0796 Coadjuthen, 0896 Rucken (1914-37) with the municipal boundaries of 1938
© Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie


Sketch of Plaschken
Sketch of the list of inhabitants of Plaschken from the 1950s, (c) Bundesarchiv


Internet links

Partly edition of Plaschken: Local heritage book

Chance Discoveries

Often people, who were not born locally in the area, are found mentioned in church books or other archive source material of a place. These findings are chance discoveries. Such findings are sometimes the only opportunity to break through the Brick Wall in research. On the following page you can add chance discoveries related to this place or even find one for yourself.


Private Sources of Information and Offers of Help with Research

On the following page, private (non commercial !) genealogists conducting research on this place, and/or those willing to share genealogical information, perform searches or provide scans/copies etc. regarding this place, can add their contact details. All inquiries should be made directly to the listed researcher!

Data from the Genealogical Place Database (GOV)

GOV-Id PLAKENKO05UE
name
  • Plaschken Source Wohnplatz 37.118 (deu)
  • Plaškiai (1923) Source page 1093 (lit)
type
  • settlement (- 1945)
  • village (1945 -)
population
w-Number
  • 66131
external id
  • nima:-2618030
  • geonames:595729
map
   

TK25: 896

Affiliations
Superordinate objects

Plaschken (1907) ( parish ) Source S.296/297

Pagėgiai, Pagėgių savivaldybė, Pogegen (2011) ( municipality ) Source

Tilsit (Maria Himmelfahrt), Tilsit (1907) ( parish ) Source S.296/297

Plaschken, Plaškiai (- 1945) ( rural municipality municipality ) Source Source

Subordinate objects
name type GOV-Id Timespan
Plaschken church object_169376


Sources

  1. Dietrich Lange: Geographisches Ortsregister Ostpreußen einschließlich des Memelgebietes, des Soldauer Gebietes und des Reg.-Bez. Westpreußen (1919-1939), a geographical register of places in East Prussia
  2. Amtsblatt des Memelgebiets vom 29.12.1923, S.1085ff,an administrative booklet for the Memeldistrict 1923 http://www.epaveldas.lt/vbspi/biRecord.do?biExemplarId=74567
  3. Ortschafts-Verzeichnis des Regierungsbezirks Gumbinnen 1818, a list of places for the administration Gumbinnen Sonderschrift Nr.48 des VFFOW
  4. Dietrich Lange: Geographisches Ortsregister Ostpreußen einschließlich des Memelgebietes, des Soldauer Gebietes und des Reg.-Bez. Westpreußen (1919-1939)
  5. Ortschafts-Verzeichnis des Regierungsbezirks Gumbinnen 1818,list of places for the administration Gumbinnen in 1818, Sonderschrift Nr.48 des VFFOW
  6. Dietrich Lange: Geographisches Ortsregister Ostpreußen einschließlich des Memelgebietes, des Soldauer Gebietes und des Reg.-Bez. Westpreußen (1919-1939)
  7. Hubatsch, Walther: Grundriss zur deutschen Verwaltungsgeschichte, 1815-1945, Reihe A: Preußen, Band 1: Ost- und Westpreußen, Johann-Gottfried-Herder-Institut, Marburg/Lahn, 1975 , a German history of administration
  8. Amtsblatt Gumbinnen 1939: Neugliederung der Gemeinden und Gutsbezirke im ehemaligen Memelland ab 1. Mai 1939, S. 64ff,
    http://www.memelland-adm.de/Archiv/13 Verwaltungsbezirke/index.htm
  9. Amtsblatt des Regierungspräsidenten in Gumbinnen, 2.9.1939
  10. Ortschafts-Verzeichnis des Regierungsbezirks Gumbinnen 1818, Sonderschrift Nr.48 des VFFOW
  11. Lehrerkarteikarte Kurt Wilhelm Elmenthaler in der Bibliothek für Bildungsgeschichtliche Forschung des Deutschen Instituts für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung, list of teachers.
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