Schwaben (Swabia)

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Regional Research > Germany, after 1989 > Bavaria > Schwaben (Swabia)

File:Lage Regierungsbezirk Schwaben in Bayern.png
Location of Administrative District (Regierungsbezirk) Schwaben within the Federal State (Bundesland) Bavaria



Schwaben (Swabia) is one of the 7 administrative districts (Regierungsbezirk) of Bavaria (Bayern).

Coat of Arms

The Swabia coat of arms consists of three symbols that represent the former territories of Swabia. The double eagle (Doppeladler) represents the former Imperial Free Cities, the Imperial holdings of the Staufer and territories of former Imperial Knights; the red and silver shield represents the area of the former Hochstift Augsburg and the other former ecclesiastical territories; the golden stripe upon the diagonal red and white stripes was the coat of arms of the former Markgrafschaft Burgau that symbolizes the middle part of Swabia and the former territories of the Houses of Fugger, Oettingen, Nördlingen.

General Information

Schwaben (Swabia) is located in the southwest of Bavaria. It borders on the Bavarian administrative districts Middle Franconia and Upper Bavaria. In the west it borders on the German Federal State Baden-Württemberg and in the south on Austria.

Data: 2003 Area in qkm Population Inhabitants /qkm
Schwaben (Swabia) 9,992 1,782,386 178
Bavaria total 70,549 12,423,386 176

(Source: Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung, Genesis online)

Political Structure

Swabias administrative Capital is the city of Augsburg.


Independent Cities

Structure before 1972/78

In 1972/78 Bavaria had a major re-organization of the administrative system - a county-reform (Landkreisreform) and the municipality-reform (Gemeindereform). Aim was to downsize the number of existing administrative counties (Landkreise), independent cities (Kreisfreie Städte) and municipalities (Gemeinden). After these reforms a lot of formerly independent places and communities became part of another municipality (sometimes with this even became part of another county). Also some formerly existing counties were combined and the old county names ceased to exists. In some areas of Bavaria places even changed the administrative district (Regierungsbezirk) they belonged too.

Swabia`s past administrative structure:

Swabia  since 1972    before 1972   
Counties 10 20
Independent Cities   4 10
Municipalities 340  ?

Counties (before county/municipality reforms in 1972 / 78):

* Augsburg (today: part of county Augsburg and/or county Aichach-Friedberg)
* Dillingen an der Donau
* Donauwörth (today: part of county Donau-Ries)
* Friedberg (today: part of county Aichach-Friedberg)
* Füssen (today: part of county Ostallgäu)
* Günzburg
* lllertissen (today: part of county Unterallgäu and/or county Neu-Ulm)
* Kaufbeuren (today: part of county Ostallgäu and/or independent city Kaufbeuren)
* Kempten (Allgäu) (today: part of county Oberallgäu)
* Krumbach (Schwaben) (today: part of county Günzburg)
* Lindau (Bodensee)
* Marktoberdorf (today: part of county Ostallgäu)
* Memmingen (today: part of county Unterallgäu and/or independent city Memmingen)
* Mindelheim (today: part of county Unterallgäu)
* Neuburg an der Donau (today: Administrative District: Upper Bavaria; county Neuburg-Schrobenhausen)
* Neu-Ulm
* Nördlingen (today: part of county Donau-Ries)
* Schwabmünchen (today: part of county Augsburg)
* Sonthofen (today: part of county Oberallgäu)
* Wertingen (today: part of county Dillingen an der Donau)

Independent Cities (before county/municipality reforms in 1972 / 78):

  • Augsburg
  • Dillingen an der Donau
  • Günzburg
  • Kaufbeuren
  • Kempten (Allgäu)
  • Lindau (Bodensee)
  • Memmingen
  • Neuburg an der Donau    (today: Administrative District: Upper Bavaria; county Neuburg-Schrobenhausen)
  • Neu-Ulm
  • Nördlingen

Church Structure

The population of Swabia is overall more catholic, there are 75 % Roman-Catholics (römisch-katholisch) and 17 % Protestants (evangelisch-lutherisch), according to data from 1987. In the past the people of this area either stayed catholic or reverted back to Catholicism after the so-called Gegenreformation (rigorous reinforcing of Catholicism, Counter-Reformation).




Religion of Population (1987)

Religion of population (1987) Population    Roman
Jewish   other
total % % % % %
Bavaria (total) 10,902,643 67 24 0.05 4 5
Swabia 1,546,504 75 17 0.02 4.8 4

(**) incl. Freikirchen

(Source: Data: 1987, Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung, Genesis online)


NOTE: English version of - Swabia history - is currently NOT available. Meanwhile see summary overview:

Historical Political Structure

NOTE: English version of - Swabia historical political structure - is currently NOT available. Meanwhile see summary overview:

Historical predecessor entities on Swabia territory:
English version of - Swabia historical predecessor entities - is currently NOT available

See here:

Development of the past administrative structure of Swabia after 1806:
In 1808 within the Kingdom of Bavaria a new organizational structure was set up and regarding current day Swabia the following structure evolved, in:

  • 1808: the new Kreise called Oberdonaukreis (administrative capital: Ulm), Lechkreis (administrative capital: (Augsburg) and Illerkreis (administrative capital: Kempten) were formed
  • 1810: the second Oberdonaukreis, enlarged with territory from the dissolved Altmühlkreis (without LG ä.O.: Riedenburg), from the dissolved Lechkreis (LG ä.O.: Göggingen, Zusmarshausen and city of Augsburg) and from Kingdom of Württemberg (Weiltingen). The Oberdonaukreis handed over to Illerkreis (LG ä.O.: Elchingen, Günzburg, Illertissen, Roggenburg, and the former holdings of the Grafen Fugger-Kirchberg and Weißenhorn) and to the Kingdom of Württemberg (Alpeck, Geislingen, Söflingen).
  • 1817: Oberdonaukreis (now with administrative capital: Augsburg) was enlarged with territory of the dissolved Illerkreis (without LG ä.O.: Schongau) and from the Isarkreis (LG ä.O.: Aichach, Friedberg, Schrobenhausen). It handed over to the Regenkreis (LG ä.O.: Beilngries, Kipfenberg, Ingolstadt, Neumarkt and city of Ingolstadt) and to the Rezatkreis (LG ä.O.: Greding, Heidenheim, Hilpoltstein, Monheim, Pleinfeld, Weißenburg, Oettingen-Spielberg and Pappenheim)

After a major re-organization of the royal administration, this administrative region was renamed in:

  • 1837: to Kreis Schwaben und Neuburg (administrative capital: Augsburg) and handed over to Kreis Oberbayern (LG ä.O.: Aichach, Friedberg, Schrobenhausen, Rain) and got from Kreis Mittelfranken (LG ä.O.: Monheim, Nördlingen, Wemding, city Nördlingen, area of Bissingen, Harburg, Mönchsroth, Oettingen, Wallerstein).

The main area of this administrative region called Kreis Schwaben und Neuburg is more or less identical to the Swabia, as we know it today. In the following centuries there were these changes: e.g. in 1939: the administrative region was re-named to Kreis Schwaben; in 1944: the now called Regierungsbezirk Schwaben (administrative district: Swabia) got from Regierungsbezirk Oberbayern (Landkreis: Friedberg); in 1972: Swabia handed over to Upper Bavaria (county: Neuburg an der Donau and city of Neuburg) and got from there county Aichach.

see here also:

LG ä.O. = Landgericht älterer Ordnung / Landgericht ä.O. (Regional court area of the old Order)

Genealogical and Historical Societies

Genealogical Societies

Historical Societies

Genealogical and Historical Documents


Historical Literature

  • Jahresberichte des Historischen Vereins für Schwaben (1834-1873)
  • Zeitschrift des Historischen Vereins für Schwaben (1874-)
  • Schwäbische Geschichtsquellen und Forschungen (1919-)

Gazetteers and Maps



  • Bavaria Maps Overview of helpful Links to maps for genealogist.

Maps showing the territory development of Swabia from 1789-1819:

Maps showing the past administrative organization of Swabia, 1808 until today:

see also:

Archives and Libraries


Church Book Archives:


Catholic Church books of Diözese Augsburg were filmed by the LDS, microfilms can be found in their Family history library, see:


Internet Links

Official Websites

Genealogical Websites

Miscellaneous Websites

Data from the Genealogical Place Database (GOV)

GOV-Id adm_369097
  • Oberdonaukreis (1808-10-01 - 1837-12-31) Source 1808 Spalte 1484 (deu)
  • Schwaben und Neuburg (1838-01-01 - 1939) Source 1837 Spalte 798 (deu)
  • Schwaben (1939 -) (deu)
  • Swabia (1939 -) (eng)
  • Kreis (1808-10-01 - 1939) Source 1808 Spalte 1484
  • administrative district (1939 -)
external id
  • BLO:12
web page

TK25: 7829

Superordinate objects

Bavaria, Bayern, Bavière, Beieren, Бавария (1946 -) ( federal state )

Bavaria, Baiern, Churpfalz-Baiern, Kurpfalz-Bayern, Pfalz-Baiern, Bayern (1808-10-01 - 1946) ( duchy kingdom free state ) Source 1808 Spalte 1484

Subordinate objects
name type GOV-Id Timespan
Füssen district office rural county object_884408 (- 1972-06-30)
Schwabmünchen district office rural county object_884415
Nördlingen Stadt NORGENJN58GU (- 1972-07-01)
Nördlingen district office rural county object_306404 (1862 - 1972-06-30)
Lindau (Bodensee) rural county adm_139776
Sonthofen district office rural county object_375725 (- 1972-06-30)
Günzburg Stadt GUNUR1JN58DK (- 1972-06-30)
Donau-Ries rural county adm_139779 (1972-07-01 -)
Donauwörth district office rural county object_306398 (1862 - 1972-06-30)
Wertingen district office rural county object_306536 (1862 - 1972-07-01)
Krumbach district office rural county object_884410 (- 1972-06-30)
Unterallgäu rural county adm_139778 (1972-07-01 -)
Neu-Ulm rural county adm_139775
Ingolstadt Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_285535 (1810-11-01 - 1817-03-31)
Memmingen Stadt adm_139764
Memmingen district office rural county object_884411 (- 1972-06-30)
Dillingen an der Donau rural county adm_139773 (1972-07-01 -)
Dillingen an der Donau district office rural county object_306530 (1862 - 1972-06-30)
Kaufbeuren district office rural county object_397592 (1862 - 1972-06-30)
Kaufbeuren Stadt adm_139762 (- 1948-04-01)
Kaufbeuren Stadt adm_139762 (- 1940-03-30)
Rain Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_285570 (1810-11-01 - 1837-12-31)
Oberdorf district office object_884413
Augsburg-Ost, Aichach-Friedberg rural county adm_139771
Aichach Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_285523 (1817-04-01 - 1837-12-31)
Zusmarshausen district office object_884414
Kempten (Allgäu) Stadt adm_139763
Kempten (Allgäu) rural county object_375720 (- 1972-06-30)
Friedberg district office rural county object_387898 (1944 - 1972-06-30)
Friedberg Landgericht Magistrates' Court object_285526 (1817-04-01 - 1837-12-31)
Günzburg, Günzkreis, Günzburg district office rural county adm_139774
Marktoberdorf, Ostallgäu rural county adm_139777 (1972-07-01 -)
Marktoberdorf rural county object_397824 (- 1972-06-30)
Augsburg county-level city urban county county-level city adm_139761
Mindelheim district office rural county object_884412 (- 1972-06-30)
Augsburg, Augsburg-West, Augsburg district office rural county adm_139772
Neuburg an der Donau district office rural county object_283989 (1862 - 1972-06-30)
Neuburg an der Donau Stadt NEUNAUJN58OR (- 1972-06-30)
Oberallgäu rural county adm_139780
Illertissen district office rural county object_884409 (- 1972-06-30)

Umleitung fehlt

Administrative Districts in the Federal State Bavaria

Mittelfranken (Middle Franconia) | Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria) | Oberbayern (Upper Bavaria) | Oberfranken (Upper Franconia) |
Oberpfalz (Upper Palatinate) | Schwaben (Swabia) | Unterfranken (Lower Franconia) |

Counties and Independent Cities in Administrative District Schwaben (Swabia)

Augsburg (City) | Kaufbeuren (City) | Kempten im Allgäu (City) | Memmingen (City)
Counties: Aichach-Friedberg | Augsburg | Dillingen | Donau-Ries | Günzburg | Lindau (Bodensee) | Neu-Ulm | Oberallgäu | Ostallgäu | Unterallgäu |

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