Windenburg

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Hierarchie Regional > Lituania > Windenburg
Regional > Historic Territory > Germany 1871-1918 > Kingdom Prussia > East Prussia > County Heydekrug > Windenburg

Old school of Windenburg


Contents


Introduction

Light-house at the Windenburg Eck (edge), 2009

Windenburg, County Heydekrug, East Prussia


Name

Other Names and Spellings

View to the Kurische Haff nearby Windenburg, 2009

The name has been adapted into German. The first part is Old-Prussian-Curonian and has to do with fishing, which was profitable there because of the particular current.

The second part of the name "-burg" refers to the "schalauischen" town Jomsborg/ Witlandie/ Windland , mentioned in the Danish „Annales Lundenses“ in the period from 974 to 1043, which, as the legends say, probably became buried in the lagoon.

  • Old-Prussian "wenter" = a fishing-net that looks like a collection bag, fixed with long sticks (Pricken) pushed into the seabed, where they expected to find the fish.
  • "wenteris" = fish-trap
  • Lettish "venteris" = fish-trap
  • Nehrungs-Curonian "ventirs" = net, fish-trap

General Information

Adjacent Places

An das cöllm. Krug Landt zu Windenburg affiliated places
In the East: the village Windenburg
In the South: das Cuhrische Haffe
In the West: das Cuhrische Haffe
In the North: the village Windenburg

Source:[8]

Political Structure

In 1785 Windenburg belonged to the County Heydekrug[9]
In 1940 Windenburg is a municipality with the villages Sturmen and Windenburg.


Church

Evangelical Church

In 1912 Windenburg belonged to the parish of Kinten (Kr.Heydekrug).

History

In 1709 the pastor Wittich of Windenburg moved to Kinten because the flood of the Kurische Nehrung had destroyed the church.


Cemetery

Unknown grave (Foto Maren Khan)
Miks Jurgeneit * 18.9.1866 + 01.10.1906; Mare Jurgeneit from Minge *22.8.1828 + April 1895; Erdman Jurgeneit ? 18 12.Feb 1825 + ?23.25 May 1866; Marie Jurgeneit  ? April 1826 + 11.Feb ??? (Foto Maren Khan)



Inhabitants

History


Windenburg on the Carte des terres devant le Curis H[affe] [de] cote du Memmel, ca. 1670
1:55 000, Sign. N 11999/50
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz

In 1360 Marschall Henning Schindekop built the Windenburg in the Curonian area as an early description, from the 14th century, shows.
A text in the" Marienburger Treßlerbuch" of 1404 says that Curonians also lived in the Suburbium (= Latin suburb, a settlement in front of the castle). They were fishermen often working for the order.


Around 1360 the knights built a castle which was destroyed by the waves of the Kurischen Haffs and became submerged. Windenburg was the "horror of all boatsmen", because there was a dangerous, stony sandbank along the Windenburger Ecke, maybe the remains of the castle. [10] [11] [12] [13]


This castle was under the rule of the order of the knights in Komturei Ragnit, founded in 1289.[14] This was because traffic and trade, as well as the wars, took place near to the lagoon, the Ruß- and the Memelstrom. Hence the commander of Ragnit had to control the fortification of the mouth of the river Ruß.[15]


At first the Windenburg was built here, but because of the unpredictable sea, the site had to be abandoned and moved to another place, very likely in 1409.[16]

  • In 1719: Kindten alias Windenburg, a "cöllmisch" inn without land in the Windenburg- Schakumschen County, owned by Johann Wilhelm Falkenhagen. This inn was near the church without a street, near to the Churischen Lagoon. Source:[17]



Bibliography

Recommended Literature

Hermann Sudermann: "Die Reise nach Tilsit" and "Litauische Geschichten"


Miscellaneous

Photos

Windenburger Eck with light-house and ornithological station
Windenburg, View to Kurische Nehrung


Notice board at Windenburger Eck in unpleasant weather Wetter 2010
Winter at Windenburger Eck 2011


Maps

Schroetter Karte 1802, scale 1: 160000
Windenburg on Schroetterkarte (1796-1802) 1:50 000
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz


Windenburg on Preußischen Urmesstischblatt 1860
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Windenburg and surroundings on Preußischen Urmesstischblatt 1860
© Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz


Windenburg on Messtischblatt 0693 Minge (1911) with the municipal boundaries of 1938
© Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie
Sketch with a list of inhabitants of Windenburg from the 1950s (c) Bundesarchiv


Chance Discoveries

Often people, who were not born locally in the area, are found mentioned in church books or other archive source material of a place. These findings are chance discoveries. Such findings are sometimes the only opportunity to break through the Brick Wall in research. On the following page you can add chance discoveries related to this place or even find one for yourself.


Private Sources of Information and Offers of Help with Research

On the following page, private (noncommercial !) genealogists conducting research on this place, and/or those willing to share genealogical information, perform searches or provide scans/copies etc. regarding this place, can add their contact details. All inquiries should be made directly to the listed researcher!


Data from the Geneological Place Database

GOV-Id WINURGKO05OI
name
type
  • settlement
w-Number
  • 66131
external id
  • nima:-2620477
  • geonames:593301
map
   

TK25: 693

Affiliations
Superordinate objects

Windenburg, Ventė ( rural municipality municipality ) Source

Kinten (1907) ( parish ) Source S. 94/95


Sources

  1. Dietrich Lange: Geographisches Ortsregister Ostpreußen einschließlich des Memelgebietes, des Soldauer Gebietes und des Reg.-Bez. Westpreußen (1919-1939), a geographical register of East Prussia
  2. Schroetterkarte (1796-1802), scale 1:50000
  3. Generalhufenschoß 1719-1766, Schulzenamt Memel, Special Protocoll 1719, Buch Nr. 2, Staatliches Archivlager, Göttingen, 1962, a tax register
  4. Sembritzki, Johannes u. Bittens, Arthur: Geschichte des Kreises Heydekrug, Memel 1920, a history of the County Heydekrug
  5. Dietrich Lange: Geographisches Ortsregister Ostpreußen einschließlich des Memelgebietes, des Soldauer Gebietes und des Reg.-Bez. Westpreußen (1919-1939), a geographical register of places of East Prussia
  6. Schroetterkarte (1796-1802), scale 1:50000
  7. Urmesstischblatt from 1860
  8. Generalhufenschoß 1719-1766, Schulzenamt Memel, Hubenzahl 1719, Buch Nr. 3, Staatliches Archivlager, Göttingen, 1962, a tax register
  9. Sembritzki, Johannes u. Bittens, Arthur: Geschichte des Kreises Heydekrug, Memel 1920, a history of the County Heydekrug
  10. Forstreuter, K., Die Entwicklung der Nationalitätsverhältnisse an der Kurischen Nehrung, in Altpr. Forschungen 8 (1931) S. 47, about nationalities on the Kurische Nehrung
  11. Wenskus, Reinhard, Namensgebung und Namenswechsel im nördlichen Ostpreußen in der frühen Neuzeit, in Altpreußische Geschlechterkunde Neue Folge, Band 20, S. 27- 142, Blätter des Vereins für Familienforschung in Ost- und Westpreußen e. V., 38. Jahrgang, 1990, about names in Northern East Prussia
  12. Ordens-Foliant 71 f. 221 b: "So lyet ein landt boben der Memele an dem habe das ist kurisch das heisset Lamenten und lyet by der Wyntburg"
  13. Das Marienburger Treßlerbuch der Jahre 1399-1409, Hrsg. Dr. Joachim (1896, Nachdruck 1973) S. 287
  14. Toeppen, hist. comp. Geogr., S. 219
  15. Sembritzki, Johannes u. Bittens, Arthur: Geschichte des Kreises Heydekrug, Memel 1920, a history of the County Heydekrug
  16. Sembritzki, Johannes u. Bittens, Arthur: Geschichte des Kreises Heydekrug, Memel 1920, a history of the County Heydekrug
  17. Generalhufenschoß 1719-1766, Schulzenamt Memel, Special Protocoll 1719, Buch Nr. 2, Staatliches Archivlager, Göttingen, a taxlist 1962
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