Lower Saxony

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Regional Research > Germany, after 1989 > Lower Saxony

Localization of the state Lower Saxony within Germany



Coat of Arms


The Lower Saxony Coat of Arms shows a jumping white horse on red ground.

National colors

The national colors of Lower Saxony are black, red and gold.

General informations

here: description of the area, frontiers, size, population

Political structure

(As of 1 January 2005)

Lower Saxony consists of 38 Counties (in german Kreis) and 8 independent Cities. The former Administrative Districts Braunschweig, Hannover, Lüneburg and Weser-Ems were dissolved at 31 December 2004.

Ammerland Aurich County Grafschaft Bentheim Celle
Cloppenburg Cuxhaven Diepholz Emsland
Friesland (Frisia) Gifhorn Goslar Göttingen
Hameln-Pyrmont Region Hannover Harburg Helmstedt
Hildesheim Holzminden Leer Lüchow-Dannenberg
Lüneburg Nienburg/Weser Northeim Oldenburg
Osnabrück Osterholz Osterode on Harz Peine
Rotenburg (Wümme) Schaumburg Soltau-Fallingbostel Stade
Uelzen Vechta Verden Wesermarsch
Wittmund Wolfenbüttel

Independent Cities
Braunschweig Delmenhorst Emden Oldenburg
Osnabrück Salzgitter Wilhelmshaven Wolfsburg

Religious Division

Historical political structure

Historical territories on the area of Lower Saxony:

  • Kingdom Hannover (till 1866)
  • Prussian Province Hannover (1866-1946)
  • Grand Duchy Oldenburg (Free State 1918-1946)
  • Principality Schaumburg-Lippe
  • Duchy Braunschweig

Genealogical and historical societies

Genealogical societies

Historical societies

Genealogical and historcial documents



Official Websites

Genealogical Websites

Miscellaneous Websites

The Lower Saxony Institute for the Research of Regional History

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